{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40680", "sys_id" : "hvd_40680", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "樂清縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "乐清县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Leqing Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "908", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "5" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "28.13068", "longitude" : "120.95769", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江乐清县治乐成镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "908", "end year" : "1264", "parent id" : "hvd_32235", "name" : "温州", "transcribed" : "Wen Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1265", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_32234", "name" : "瑞安府", "transcribed" : "Rui'an Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_32233", "name" : "温州路", "transcribed" : "Wenzhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32231", "name" : "温州府", "transcribed" : "Wenzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125554", "name" : "七里村", "transcribed" : "Qilicun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125561", "name" : "仰根村", "transcribed" : "Yanggencun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125567", "name" : "双峰村", "transcribed" : "Shuangfengcun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125564", "name" : "大荆城", "transcribed" : "Dajingcheng" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125555", "name" : "岐头", "transcribed" : "Qitou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125565", "name" : "庄屋村", "transcribed" : "Zhuangwucun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125560", "name" : "杨川村", "transcribed" : "Yangchuancun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125551", "name" : "柳市镇", "transcribed" : "Liushizhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125562", "name" : "清江村", "transcribed" : "Qingjiangcun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125557", "name" : "田垟村", "transcribed" : "Tianyangcun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125563", "name" : "白溪街", "transcribed" : "Baixijie" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125550", "name" : "白石村", "transcribed" : "Baishicun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125552", "name" : "白象街", "transcribed" : "Baixiangjie" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125553", "name" : "磐石街", "transcribed" : "Panshijie" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125556", "name" : "翁垟街", "transcribed" : "Wengyangjie" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125558", "name" : "芙蓉街", "transcribed" : "Furongjie" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125566", "name" : "花坦村", "transcribed" : "Huatancun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_125559", "name" : "虹桥镇", "transcribed" : "Hongqiaozhen" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40679", "name" : "乐成县", "transcribed" : "Lecheng Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "乐清县(908年—1911年)治所

五代梁开平二年(908年),吴越国改乐成县置,属温州。治所即今浙江乐清县治乐成镇。南宋咸淳元年(1264年)属瑞安府。元属温州路。明属温州府。清不改。1912年裁府留县,属浙江省。

五代梁开平二年(908年),吴越国改乐成县置(1),属温州(2)。治所即今浙江乐清县治乐成镇(3)。后唐、后晋、后汉、后周同(4)。宋太平兴国三年(978年)地入宋(5),所属同。南宋咸淳元年(1264年)属瑞安府(6)。蒙古至元十三年(1276年)地入元(7),属温州路(8)。元至正二十七年(1367年)地入明(9),洪武元年(1368年)属温州府(10)。清顺治三年(1646年)地入清(11),仍属温州府(12)。1912年裁府留县,属浙江省(13)。

注:
(1)《宋史》卷88《地理志四·两浙路》瑞安府乐清县:“唐乐成县,梁钱鏐改”。(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2176页)清《嘉庆一统志》卷304《温州府·古迹》:乐成故城,“后梁开平二年(908年),钱氏以避梁祖讳,改名乐清”。(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,111册,13页)又清吴任臣《十国春秋》卷112《十国地理表下·吴越》:温州乐清县,“吴越天宝元年(908年)避梁主父讳改”。(北京,中华书局,1983年,4册,1617页)
(2)《新五代史》卷60《职方考第三》梁吴越国有温州。按:唐末乐成县属温州,后乐成改名乐清,乐清当属温州。
(3)明嘉靖《浙江通志》上册卷16《建置志第二之四》:“乐清县治,东晋宁康间建(乐成),历代因之,元至正十二年毁,国初重建”。(《天一阁藏明代方志选刊续编》,上海书店,1990年,24册,870页)又据牛平汉《明代政区沿革综表·浙江省总表》温州府乐清县,即今浙江温州市乐清县。(北京,中国地图出版社,1997年,224页)乐清县治乐成镇。(《浙江省地图册》,上海,中华地图学社,1989年,79、80页)故五代梁乐清后唐县治,即今浙江乐清县治乐成镇。
(4)《太平寰宇记》卷99《江南东道十一》温州领有乐清县。(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,19册,1、6页)又《新五代史》卷60《职方考三》,五代吴越国均有温州。(北京,中华书局,1974年,3册,728页)按:五代梁温州领有乐清县,宋初同。五代有温州,当作后唐、后晋、后汉、后周吴越国温州均领有乐清县。
(5)《宋史》卷4《太宗本纪一》:太平兴国三年(978年),吴越国“钱俶献其两浙诸州,凡得州十三,军一,县八十六……”。(北京,中华书局,1977年,1册,58页)
(6)《宋史》卷88《地理志四·两浙路》瑞安府:“本温州,永嘉郡。……咸淳元年(1264年),以度宗潜邸,升府”,领有乐清县。(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2176页)
(7)《元史》卷9《世祖纪六》至元十三年(1276年):宋主遣尹甫、吉甫等赍传国玉玺及降表诣军前降,“两浙路得府八、州六、军一、县八十一”。(北京,中华书局,1976年,1册,176、178页)
(8)《元史》卷62《地理志五·江浙行省》温州路:宋瑞安府,“元至元十三年(1276年)置温州路”,领有乐清县。(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1498页)
(9)《明史》卷1《太祖纪一》:元至正二十七年(1367年)十月“己巳,朱亮祖克温州”。(北京,中华书局,1974年,1册,16页)
(10)《明史》卷44《地理志五·浙江》温州府:“元温州路,属浙东道宣慰司。洪武初,为府”,领有乐清县。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1116页)按:“洪武初”,故作洪武元年(1368年)。
(11)《清史稿》卷4《世祖本纪一》:顺治三年(1646年)八月丁亥,“博洛克金华、衢州,杀故明蜀王朱盛浓、乐安王朱谊石及其将吴凯……兵部尚书阮大鍼、刑部尚书苏壮等降。浙江平”。(北京,中华书局,1977年,2册,103页)
(12)《清史稿》卷65《地理志十二·浙江》,温州府领有乐清县。(北京,中华书局,1977年,8册,2146、2147页)
(13)郑宝恒《民国时期政区沿革·北京政府时期》浙江省瓯海道:“永嘉县,本旧温州府附廓首县,1912年2月裁府留县。”(武汉,湖北教育出版社,2000年,87页)按:乐清县当属浙江省。", "source uri" : "" }