{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40503", "sys_id" : "hvd_40503", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "義興縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "义兴县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yixing Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "589", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "975", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.36364", "longitude" : "119.81438", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今江苏宜兴县治", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_32024", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "619", "parent id" : "hvd_32380", "name" : "毗陵郡", "transcribed" : "Piling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "620", "end year" : "623", "parent id" : "hvd_32381", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "624", "end year" : "624", "parent id" : "hvd_32085", "name" : "南兴州", "transcribed" : "Nanxing Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "625", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_32381", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32030", "name" : "晋陵郡", "transcribed" : "Jinling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "975", "parent id" : "hvd_32386", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40463", "name" : "阳羡县", "transcribed" : "Yangxian Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "义兴县(589-975年)治所

隋开皇九年(589)平陈,改阳羡县置。治所即今江苏宜兴市。宋太平兴国元年(976)改名为宜兴县。

隋开皇九年(589)平陈,改阳羡县置。⑴治所即今江苏宜兴市。⑵属常州。唐武德七年(624)属南兴州。⑶次年复属常州。乾元二年(759)割属润州,未几复属常州。⑷宋太平兴国元年(976)改名为宜兴县。⑸

⑴唐·魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“义兴,旧曰阳羡,置义兴郡。平陈,郡废,改县名焉,又废义乡、国山、临津三县入焉。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,汪绍楹等校点本,3册,877页)
⑵成化《重修毗陵志》卷2《地理二·城郭》:“城旧在荆溪北,今之县治即其故址。吴孙权尝为阳羡长,赤乌六年改筑。……隋大业初,路道德重修。《阳羡志》云:晋宋置郡,为太守治所,而县治在君山。后县如故。”(上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊续编》本,21册,82页)据此,除晋、宋时置义兴郡外,治所均即今江苏宜治县治。
⑶晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:义兴,“武德七年,置南兴州,领义兴、阳羡、临津三县。八年,废南兴州及阳羡、临津二县,义兴复隶常州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年校点本,5册,1585页)
⑷成化《重修毗陵志》卷1《地理二·建置沿革》:“唐乾元二年,割属润州。未几复归常州。”(上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊续编》本,21册,13页)
⑸元·脱脱:《宋史》卷87《地理四》:“宜兴,望。唐义兴县。太平兴国初改。”(中华书局,1977年校点本,7册,2173页)
成化《重修毗陵志》卷1《地理一》:“宋开宝八年平常州,九年改义兴为宜兴。详见郡县表。”(上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊续编》本,21册,8页)又:“太平兴国初,避太宗讳改为宜兴。”(同上,9页)", "source uri" : "" }