{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40469", "sys_id" : "hvd_40469", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "宜興縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "宜兴县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Yixing Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "976", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "1277", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.36364", "longitude" : "119.81438", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今江苏宜兴县城区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "976", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_32386", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_32392", "name" : "常州路", "transcribed" : "Changzhou Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40503", "name" : "义兴县", "transcribed" : "Yixing Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "宜兴县(976——1277)治所

宋太平兴国元年(976)由义兴县改名。治所即今江苏宜兴县城区。元至元十五年(1278)升为宜兴府。

宋太平兴国元年(976)由义兴县改名。⑴治所即今江苏宜兴县城区。属常州。元至元十五年(1278)升为宜兴府。⑵

⑴元·脱脱:《宋史》卷87《地理四》:“宜兴,望。唐义兴县。太平兴国初改。”(中华书局,1977年校点本,7册,2173页)
成化《重修毗陵志》卷1《地理一》:“宋开宝八年平常州,九年改义兴为宜兴。详见郡县表。”(上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊续编》本,21册,8页)又:“太平兴国初,避太宗讳改为宜兴。”(同上,9页)
按:北宋开宝九年即太平兴国元年。
⑵明·宋廉等:《元史》卷62《地理五》;中华书局,1976年校点本,1494页。
成化《重修毗陵志》卷1《地理一》:“元至元十五年升县为府,二十年复为县。”(上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊续编》本,21册,14页)", "source uri" : "" }