{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40452", "sys_id" : "hvd_40452", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "晉陵縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "晋陵县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jinling Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "413", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "1356", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.78278", "longitude" : "119.95230", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今江苏常州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "413", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_32375", "name" : "晋陵郡", "transcribed" : "Jinling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_32024", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "619", "parent id" : "hvd_32380", "name" : "毗陵郡", "transcribed" : "Piling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "620", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_32381", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32030", "name" : "晋陵郡", "transcribed" : "Jinling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_32386", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1356", "parent id" : "hvd_32392", "name" : "常州路", "transcribed" : "Changzhou Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40451", "name" : "毗陵县", "transcribed" : "Piling Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "晋陵县(413——1356)治所

东晋义熙九年(413)由毗陵县改名,治所即今江苏常州市。元至正十七年(1357),朱元璋改名京临县。

东晋义熙九年(413)由毗陵县改名,⑴治所即今江苏常州市。⑵为晋陵郡治所。南朝宋、齐、梁、陈因之。隋开皇九年(589)平陈,属常州。⑶大业三年(607)为毗陵郡治。⑷唐武德三年(620)为常州治。⑸天宝元年(742)为晋陵郡治。乾元元年(758)复为常州治。⑹宋因之。元至元十四年(1277)为常州路治。⑺元至正十七年(1357),朱元璋改名京临县,为常州府治。⑻

⑴南朝梁·沈约:《宋书》卷35《州郡一》:“安帝义熙九年,复还晋陵。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,王仲荦等校点本,4册,1040页)又:“晋陵令,本名延陵,汉改曰毗陵,后与郡俱改。”(同上)
⑵读史方舆纪要》卷25《江南七》:“武进县,附郭。本吴之延陵邑,季札所居。汉曰毗陵县,属会稽郡。”(北京,中华书局,2册,1154页)
⑶唐·魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“毗陵郡,平陈,置常州。”(北京,中华书局,3册,877页)又:“晋陵,旧置晋陵郡。平陈,郡废。大业初置郡。”(同上)。
⑷唐·魏徵:《隋书》卷3《炀帝本纪上》:大业三年四月“壬辰,改州为郡。”(北京,中华书局,1973年汪绍楹等校点本,1册,67页)
《太平寰宇记》卷92《江南东道四》:“炀帝初,州废,又为毗陵郡。”
⑸晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“常州上,隋毗陵郡。武德三年,杜伏威归化,置常州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,1585页)又:“晋陵武德中,移于今治。”(同上)
⑹晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“天宝元年,改为晋陵郡。乾元元年,复为常州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,1585页)
⑺明·宋廉等:《元史》卷62《地理五》;中华书局,1976年校点本,5册,1494页。
⑻《明实录·太祖实录》卷5:三月丁亥,“改常州路为长春府。”“己丑,复改长春府为常州府、晋陵县为京临县、武进县为永定县。寻以京临并入永定。”(台湾,中央研究院历史语言研究所校印本,第1册,52页)", "source uri" : "" }