{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40451", "sys_id" : "hvd_40451", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "毗陵縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "毗陵县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Piling Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "23", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "412", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.78278", "longitude" : "119.95230", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今江苏常州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "23", "end year" : "128", "parent id" : "hvd_32052", "name" : "会稽郡", "transcribed" : "Guiji Jun" }, { "begin year" : "129", "end year" : "197", "parent id" : "hvd_32054", "name" : "吴郡", "transcribed" : "Wu Jun" }, { "begin year" : "198", "end year" : "280", "parent id" : "hvd_32365", "name" : "毗陵典农校尉", "transcribed" : "Pilin Diannong" }, { "begin year" : "281", "end year" : "288", "parent id" : "hvd_32366", "name" : "毗陵郡", "transcribed" : "Piling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "289", "end year" : "310", "parent id" : "hvd_32374", "name" : "毗陵郡", "transcribed" : "Piling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "311", "end year" : "317", "parent id" : "hvd_32367", "name" : "晋陵郡", "transcribed" : "Jinling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "318", "end year" : "412", "parent id" : "hvd_32368", "name" : "晋陵郡", "transcribed" : "Jinling Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40450", "name" : "毗坛县", "transcribed" : "Pitan Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "毗陵县(23——412年)治所

刘玄更始元年(公元23)以毗坛县复名毗陵县。治所即今江苏常州市。东晋义熙九年(413)改名晋陵县。

刘玄更始元年(公元23)以毗坛县复名毗陵县。⑴治所即今江苏常州市。⑵初属会稽郡,顺帝永建四年(129)属吴郡。⑶三国属吴毗陵典农校尉,西晋太康二年(281)属毗陵郡。⑷东晋义熙九年(413)改名晋陵县。⑸

⑴南朝宋·范晔:《后汉书》卷11《刘玄传》:“更始即帝位……建元曰更始元年。……是时海内豪桀翕然哈应,皆杀其牧守,自称将军,用汉年号,以待诏命,旬月之间,遍于天下。”(北京,中华书局,1965年宋云彬等校点本,第2册,469页)王莽被杀于更始元年十月,新莽政亡,时天下当全复汉旧名。
⑵《读史方舆纪要》卷25《江南七》:“武进县,附郭。本吴之延陵邑,季札所居。汉曰毗陵县,属会稽郡。”(北京,中华书局,2册,1154页)
⑶南朝宋·范晔:《后汉书》卷6《顺帝纪》:永建四年,“是岁,分会稽为吴郡。”(北京,中华书局,1965年宋云彬等校点本,1册,257页)
宋·朱长文:《吴郡图经续记》卷上《封域》:“汉顺帝永建四年,分会稽为吴郡,以浙江中流为界。”(金菊林校点本,南京:江苏古籍出版社,1999年,4页)
⑷唐·房玄龄:《晋书》卷15《地理下》:“毗陵郡,吴分会稽、无锡已西为屯田,置典农校尉。太康二年,省校尉为毗陵郡。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,吴则虞等校点本,2册,460)
清·吴增仅撰、杨守敬补正《三国郡县表附近考证》卷7《吴扬州部一》有毗陵县,为毗陵典农校尉治所(《二十五史补编》本,3册,2938页)暂以吴黄武元年(222)为置毗陵典农校尉之时间。
⑸南朝梁·沈约:《宋书》卷35《州郡一》:“安帝义熙九年,复还晋陵。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,王仲荦等校点本,4册,1040页)又:“晋陵令,本名延陵,汉改曰毗陵,后与郡俱改。”(同上)", "source uri" : "" }