{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40449", "sys_id" : "hvd_40449", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "毗陵縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "毗陵县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Piling Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-202", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "13", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.78278", "longitude" : "119.95230", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今江苏常州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-202", "end year" : "13", "parent id" : "hvd_32052", "name" : "会稽郡", "transcribed" : "Guiji Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "毗陵县(前202——公元13)治所

汉初置,治所即今江苏常州市。新莽天凤元年(公元14)改名毗坛。

汉初置,⑴治所即今江苏常州市,⑵属会稽郡。新莽天凤元年(公元14),王莽改名毗坛。⑶

⑴东汉·班固:《汉书》卷28上《地理志第八上》会稽郡下有毗陵县。(北京,中华书局,1962年,西北大学历史系校点本,6册,1590页)
汉高帝五年(前202)平江南:“项籍败垓下也,婴以御史大夫将车骑别追项籍至东城,破之。……下东城、历阳。度江,破吴郡长吴下,得吴守,遂定吴、豫章、会稽郡。”(东汉·班固:《汉书》卷41《灌婴传》;北京,中华书局,1962年,西北大学历史系校点本,6册,1590页)故暂定在汉高帝五年(前202)置县。
⑵《读史方舆纪要》卷25《江南七》:“武进县,附郭。本吴之延陵邑,季札所居。汉曰毗陵县,属会稽郡。”(北京,中华书局,2册,1154页)
⑶东汉·班固:《汉书》卷28上《地理志第八上》:“毗陵,季札所居。江在北,东入海,扬州川。莽曰毗坛。”(北京,中华书局,1962年,西北大学历史系校点本,6册,1590页)
暂定在王莽天凤元年。", "source uri" : "" }