{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40445", "sys_id" : "hvd_40445", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "無錫縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "无锡县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Wuxi Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "281", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "1294", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.57461", "longitude" : "120.29767", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今江苏无锡市区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "281", "end year" : "288", "parent id" : "hvd_32366", "name" : "毗陵郡", "transcribed" : "Piling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "289", "end year" : "310", "parent id" : "hvd_32374", "name" : "毗陵郡", "transcribed" : "Piling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "311", "end year" : "317", "parent id" : "hvd_32367", "name" : "晋陵郡", "transcribed" : "Jinling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "318", "end year" : "412", "parent id" : "hvd_32368", "name" : "晋陵郡", "transcribed" : "Jinling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "413", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_32375", "name" : "晋陵郡", "transcribed" : "Jinling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_32024", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "619", "parent id" : "hvd_32380", "name" : "毗陵郡", "transcribed" : "Piling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "620", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_32381", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32030", "name" : "晋陵郡", "transcribed" : "Jinling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_32386", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1294", "parent id" : "hvd_32392", "name" : "常州路", "transcribed" : "Changzhou Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40444", "name" : "无锡县", "transcribed" : "Wuxi Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "无锡县(281——1294)治所

西晋太康二年(281)复置,治所即今江苏无锡市区。元元贞元年(1295)升为无锡州。

西晋太康二年(281)复置,隶毗陵郡。⑴治所即今江苏无锡市区。⑵东晋、南朝宋、齐、梁、陈因之。⑶隋开皇九年(589)属常州。⑷大业三年(607)属毗陵郡。⑸唐武德三年(620)属常州。⑹天宝元年(742)复属晋陵郡。⑺乾元元年(758)复属常州。⑻宋因之。⑼元至元十四年(1277)改属常州路。⑽元贞元年(1295)升为无锡州。⑾


⑴唐·房玄龄:《晋书》卷15《地理下》:“毗陵郡,吴分会稽、无锡已西为屯田,置典农校尉。太康二年,省校尉为毗陵郡。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,吴则虞等校点本,2册,460)
⑵光绪《元锡金匮县志》卷4《城郭》:“今之城,盖自秦汉置县始,《越绝书》所载是也。……旧志:宋以前之城不详其所在,疑《越绝书》所载未必今城。按:《越绝书》元锡城周二里十九步,高二丈七尺,门一楼四。其郭周十一里百二十八步,墙一丈七尺,门皆有屋。是书成于汉人,则城为汉城。《南徐记》:县旧城基也。是南朝因之也。唐李吉甫《元和郡县志》:无锡,汉旧县也。吉甫此志凡今昔有异者,必详其故城之所在,此不言故城,明其城即故城也。是唐亦因之也。《唐书·地理志》:泰伯渎在县南五里。陆羽《惠山寺记》:寺在县西五里,与今城合。然则自汉以来,城固未尝易处矣。”(台湾,成文出版社有限公司,《中国方志丛书》,华东第21号,1册,75页上)
⑶成化《重修毗陵志》卷1《地理一》:“陈祯明二年升无锡县为吴州,寻复为县。”(上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊续编》本,21册,12页)误。据《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“吴郡,陈置吴州,平陈,改曰苏州,大业初复曰吴州。”(北京,中华书局,3册,877页),陈所置吴州乃是由吴郡改置。且《隋书·地理下》无锡县下也无陈升无锡县为吴州的记载。其它史籍亦无有关记载,故误。
⑷唐·魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“毗陵郡,平陈,置常州。”(北京,中华书局,3册,877页)
⑸唐·魏徵:《隋书》卷3《炀帝本纪上》:大业三年四月“壬辰,改州为郡。”(北京,中华书局,1973年汪绍楹等校点本,1册,67页)
《太平寰宇记》卷92《江南东道四》:“炀帝初,州废,又为毗陵郡。”
⑹晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“常州上,隋毗陵郡。武德三年,杜伏威归化,置常州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,1585页)
⑺晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“天宝元年,改为晋陵郡。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,1585页)
⑻晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“乾元元年,复为常州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,1585页)
《太平寰宇记》卷92《江南东道四》:“乾元元年,复为常州。”(金陵书局刊本,18册,1页)
⑼元·脱脱:《宋史》卷87(中华书局,1977年校点本,7册,2173页)
⑽明·宋廉等:《元史》卷62《地理五》;中华书局,1976年校点本,5册,1494页。
⑾明·宋廉等:《元史》卷62《地理五》;中华书局,1976年校点本,1495页。", "source uri" : "" }