{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40443", "sys_id" : "hvd_40443", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "無錫侯國", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "无锡侯国", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Wuxi Houguo", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "侯国", "alternate name" : "侯國", "transcription" : "hou guo", "English" : "marquisate" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "58", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "189", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.57461", "longitude" : "120.29767", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今江苏无锡市区", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "58", "end year" : "128", "parent id" : "hvd_32052", "name" : "会稽郡", "transcribed" : "Guiji Jun" }, { "begin year" : "129", "end year" : "189", "parent id" : "hvd_32054", "name" : "吴郡", "transcribed" : "Wu Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40442", "name" : "无锡县", "transcribed" : "Wuxi Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "无锡侯国(58——189)治所

东汉明帝永平元年(58)改无锡县置,治所即今江苏无锡市区。⑵东汉末年复为县。

东汉明帝永平元年(58)改无锡县为侯国,⑴治所即今江苏无锡市区。⑵属会稽郡。东汉顺帝永建四年(129)改属吴郡。⑶东汉末年,废侯国,复为县。⑷

⑴光绪《元锡金匮县志》卷1《建置沿革》:明帝永平元年(58),“以无锡为侯国。《后汉郡国志》称无锡侯国而未详所封之人。考乘据《东观汉记》知所封为阴盛。盛与阴兴子庆、博同封,盖亦后族。考乘以为兴子,非也。兴子庆、博、员、丹四人,无名盛者。”(台湾,成文出版社有限公司,《中国方志丛书》,华东第21号,1册,44页下)
⑵光绪《元锡金匮县志》卷4《城郭》:“今之城,盖自秦汉置县始,《越绝书》所载是也。……旧志:宋以前之城不详其所在,疑《越绝书》所载未必今城。按:《越绝书》元锡城周二里十九步,高二丈七尺,门一楼四。其郭周十一里百二十八步,墙一丈七尺,门皆有屋。是书成于汉人,则城为汉城。《南徐记》:县旧城基也。是南朝因之也。唐李吉甫《元和郡县志》:无锡,汉旧县也。吉甫此志凡今昔有异者,必详其故城之所在,此不言故城,明其城即故城也。是唐亦因之也。《唐书·地理志》:泰伯渎在县南五里。陆羽《惠山寺记》:寺在县西五里,与今城合。然则自汉以来,城固未尝易处矣。”(台湾,成文出版社有限公司,《中国方志丛书》,华东第21号,1册,75页上)
⑶南朝宋·范晔:《后汉书》卷6《顺帝纪》:永建四年,“是岁,分会稽为吴郡。”(北京,中华书局,1965年宋云彬等校点本,1册,257页)
宋·朱长文:《吴郡图经续记》卷上《封域》:“汉顺帝永建四年,分会稽为吴郡,以浙江中流为界。”(金菊林校点本,南京:江苏古籍出版社,1999年,4页)
⑷无锡侯国废除之年,史无记载,当在东汉末年。
《资治通鉴》卷62《汉纪五十四》:“中平以来,天下乱离,民弃农业,诸军并起。”(中华书局,5册,1990页)此时,无锡侯国可能已废。
晋·陈寿撰、宋·裴松之注:《三国志》卷56《朱治传》:“建安七年,权表治为(九真)[吴郡]太守,行扶义将军,割娄、由拳、无锡、毗陵为奉邑,置长吏。”(北京,中华书局,1975年校点本,5册,1303页)此时无锡已明确记载是县。
现暂以中平后之初平元年(190)为废无锡侯国、复置无锡县的年代。", "source uri" : "" }