{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40435", "sys_id" : "hvd_40435", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "江陰州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "江阴州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jiangyin Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1291", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "1291", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.90877", "longitude" : "120.26609", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今江苏江阴市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1291", "end year" : "1291", "parent id" : "hvd_32392", "name" : "常州路", "transcribed" : "Changzhou Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "江阴州(1291-1291年)治所

元至元二十八年(1291)降江阴路置,治所即今江苏江阴市。寻改隶江浙行省,为直隶州。

元至元二十八年(1291)降江阴路置,治所即今江苏江阴市,隶常州路。寻改隶江浙行省,为直隶州。⑴

⑴成化《重刻毗陵志》卷1《地理一》:“二十八年改为州,隶常州路。民厌烦扰,州达鲁花赤元鲁失不花等言之省宪,请于朝,为上州,隶行省。”(上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊续编》本,21册,15页)
据元陆文生《改州记》,似在至元二十九年(1292)即改隶江浙行省。



《改州记》元陆文生

至元二十八年秋七月二十三日,江淮行中书省参知政事臣化楠奏既阳与毗陵郡壤地相接,户不满七万,设立总府非便,请改州治,隶毗陵管内,省并司、县各一,减官吏俸数十,于事理便。制曰:可。是岁十二月,擢奉直大夫前常州路治中兀鲁失不花为州监。佩印之任,始至,问民疾苦。皆曰江乡土狭民瘠,介在一隅,以故无大征役。今以属州事统府,其情不吾察,奈何?侯曰:第安之吾在,毋恐。既而符移数下,调发无虚日,泛流供给,回远几二百里。兵廪不时,狱报淹留,民疲于奔命。侯慨然曰:吾受命作牧,民瘉即吾瘉也。时廉访使者适至,侯具言其不便。率州之士庶,请以州隶行省。事得直达,既而转上于朝,报下如章。士庶呼舞恩若更生。会至尊新登宝位,勤恤民隐,宰执复条具以闻。上可其奏。侯闻之,喜曰:今而后得专治吾民矣。治之三年,政平讼简,州以无事,颂谣载路。秩满,迁常州路同知总管府事。常民喜侯之复来,而暨民惜其骤去也。于是述置州之颠末,谨刻诸石,俾来者有考云。元贞二年六月壬子。
(嘉靖《江阴县志》卷1《建置记·公署》;上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊》本,13册)", "source uri" : "" }