{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40434", "sys_id" : "hvd_40434", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "江陰縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "江阴县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jiangyin Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "555", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "1290", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.90877", "longitude" : "120.26609", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今江苏江阴市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "555", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_32042", "name" : "江阴郡", "transcribed" : "Jiangyin Jun" }, { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_32024", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "619", "parent id" : "hvd_32380", "name" : "毗陵郡", "transcribed" : "Piling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "620", "end year" : "625", "parent id" : "hvd_32398", "name" : "暨州", "transcribed" : "Ji Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "626", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_32381", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32030", "name" : "晋陵郡", "transcribed" : "Jinling Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "939", "parent id" : "hvd_32386", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "940", "end year" : "989", "parent id" : "hvd_32399", "name" : "江阴军", "transcribed" : "Jiangyin Jun" }, { "begin year" : "990", "end year" : "991", "parent id" : "hvd_32386", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "992", "end year" : "1070", "parent id" : "hvd_32400", "name" : "江阴军", "transcribed" : "Jiangyin Jun" }, { "begin year" : "1071", "end year" : "1127", "parent id" : "hvd_32386", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1128", "end year" : "1156", "parent id" : "hvd_32046", "name" : "江阴军", "transcribed" : "Jiangyin Jun" }, { "begin year" : "1157", "end year" : "1160", "parent id" : "hvd_32386", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1161", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_32402", "name" : "江阴军", "transcribed" : "Jiangyin Jun" }, { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1290", "parent id" : "hvd_32048", "name" : "江阴路", "transcribed" : "Jiangyin Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "江阴县(555——1290)治所

南朝梁敬帝时以暨阳县地置。治所即今江苏江阴市。元至元二十八年(1291)废。

南朝梁敬帝时以暨阳县地置,为江阴郡治。⑴治所即今江苏江阴市。⑵隋开皇九年(589)平陈,废江阴郡,地入常州。⑶大业三年(607)属毗陵郡。唐武德三年(620)属暨州,为州治。⑷武德九年(626),废暨州,先后属常州、晋陵郡。五代南唐升元四年(940)属江阴军。⑸宋淳化元年(990)属常州,三年复属江阴军。熙宁四年(1071)复属常州。南宋建炎二年(1128)又属江阴军。绍兴二十七年(1157)复属常州。三十一年(1161)又属江阴军。⑹元至元十三年(1276)属江阴路。至元二十八年(1291)废⑺。


⑴唐·李吉甫:《元和郡县志》卷25《江南道一》:“晋太康二年置溉阳县,梁敬帝置江阴县、郡。隋开皇九年罢郡,县属常州。”(北京,中华书局,下册,599页)
南宋·王象之:《舆地纪胜》卷7《两浙西路·江阴军》:“梁敬帝时于此置江阴郡及江阴县。……象之谨按:晋自太康二年置暨阳县之后,而晋、宋、齐三志并有暨阳县,自梁敬帝置江阴郡县之后,而隋《志》第有江阴而无暨阳,是梁于暨阳置江阴郡,因改暨阳为江阴而无暨阳。是梁于暨阳置江阴郡,因改暨阳为江阴县耳。《元和志》及《通典》、《唐地里书》初无割兰陵县立江阴县之文,而《寰宇记》及《舆地广记》乃追书曰割兰陵县。自《祥符图经》始有此文,然兰陵与江阴为邻,或者一时割兰陵以益江阴之地,亦未可知。第不可专谓割兰陵为江阴耳。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,1册,491页)
据此,南朝梁敬帝时废暨阳县置江阴县并无具体年代。新修《江阴市志》以公元555年为江阴置县之年,暂同之。
⑵嘉靖《江阴县志》卷1《建置记第一·沿革》:“梁敬帝四年废县置江阴郡。又分兰陵地置江阴县,从郡徙治君山之阳,以其地滨大江,故名江阴。”又卷3《提封记第二下·山川》:“君山在县治北二里枕江之滨,旧名瞰江山,后以奉申君易今名。”明至今未见江阴县迁治记载,梁江阴县治即今江苏江阴市治所。
⑶唐·魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“江阴,梁置,及置江阴郡。平陈,废郡及利城、梁丰县入焉。”(北京,中华书局,3册,877页)
⑷晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“江阴,梁分兰陵县置。武德三年,于县置暨州,领江阴、暨阳、利城三县。九年,省暨阳、利城入江阴,属常州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,1585页)
南宋·王象之:《舆志纪胜》卷9《两浙西路·江阴军》:“南唐始建为江阴军。《晏公类要》在升元中,而《五代史·职方考》不载江阴军一节。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,1册,492页)据此,暂以升元四年(940)为析置之年。
⑸《太平寰宇记》卷92《江南东道四》:“江阴军,理江阴县。本江阴县,伪唐升元年中建为军,以江阴县属焉。皇朝因之。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,18册,12页)
⑹南宋·王象之:《舆志纪胜》卷9《两浙西路·江阴军》:“皇朝因之。初废为县。《国朝会要》云:淳化元年废江阴军,隶常州。寻复。《国朝会要》:在淳化三年。再废为县。在熙宁四年。中兴,复为军。在建炎年间。按《系年录》建炎四年敌犯泰州,岳飞以泰不可守,率众屯江阴军沙上。则绍兴四年已复江阴军矣。三废为县,以知县兼军使。《系年录》云:绍兴二十七年二月废江阴军为县,隶常州,以浙西安抚使荣疑言自建县为军,于朝廷初无所补,故有是命。……敌亮入寇,又复为军。《系年录》云:绍兴三十一年十一月新知严州杨师中知江阴军。……”(北京,中华书局,1992年,1册,492页)
嘉靖《江阴县志》卷1《建置记第一·沿革》:“宋自太宗至高守三改为县,而三复为军。太宗淳化元年改,三年复。神宗熙宁四年改,高宗建炎二年复。事具复军碑中。绍兴二十七年改,三十一年因建江防之策又复。其县也,并属于常州。”(上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊》本,13册)
⑺成化《重刻毗陵志》卷1《地理一》:“元至元十三年升为江阴路,领江阴县。二十八年改为州。”(上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊续编》本,21册,15页)
张著《至元重修公署记》:“江浙统州二十八,唯江阴、铅山直隶省,江阴则郡于梁,州于唐,军于宋。岸江徼海,地蔽以塞。至元十三年,江南初附,州军例升为总管府,领录事司、江阴县。二十又八年用省臣言降为州,置司县以便民也。”(嘉靖《江阴县志》卷1《建置记·公署》;上海书店,《天一阁藏明代方志选刊续编》本,13册)", "source uri" : "" }