{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40395", "sys_id" : "hvd_40395", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "昆山縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "昆山县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Kunshan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "535", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "588", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.03648", "longitude" : "121.12843", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今上海市松江县小昆山", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "535", "end year" : "548", "parent id" : "hvd_32054", "name" : "吴郡", "transcribed" : "Wu Jun" }, { "begin year" : "549", "end year" : "549", "parent id" : "hvd_32413", "name" : "吴州", "transcribed" : "Wu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "550", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_32059", "name" : "吴郡", "transcribed" : "Wu Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "昆山县(535——588)治所

南朝梁大同初年析信义县置,因县有昆山,故名。治所在今上海市松江县小昆山。隋开皇九年(589)平陈废。

南朝梁大同初年析信义县置,因县有昆山,故名⑴。治所在今上海市松江县小昆山⑵。属吴郡。陈因之⑶。隋开皇九年(589)平陈废⑷。


⑴唐·李吉甫:《元和郡县志》卷25《江南道一》:“梁分置信义县,又分信义置昆山县,因县有昆山,故取名焉。”(北京,中华书局,1983年,贺次君点校本,602页)
晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40《地理三》:“梁分娄县置信义县。又分信义置昆山,取县界山名。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,1586页)
《太平寰宇记》卷91:《江南东道三》:“大同初,又分信义县置昆山县,属吴郡。因县有昆山,故名。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,13-14页)
据此,暂定在梁大同元年(535)置县。
⑵关于唐天宝十载前昆山县的治所,历来有二种观点。一说即今江苏昆山市。一说在今上海市境小昆山旁,唐天宝十载置华亭县后迁今治,如《中国历史地图集》。今查《元和郡县志》、《太平寰宇记》、《绍熙云间志》、《淳祐玉峰志》、《至正昆山郡志》等唐宋史籍,均云昆山县因昆山得名,而无迁治记载。因本时期内还有信义县治在今昆山县西正仪,如果将昆山县治定位于今昆山县,两县治相距太近,不合常理。现暂定梁大同元年置县时治于今上海市松江县小昆山。而隋朝复置昆山县时,已无信义县,其治所当已在今江苏昆山市。
⑶据臧励和撰:《补陈疆域志》卷1(北京,中华书局,1956年,《二十五史补编》,第4册,4446页)
⑷唐·魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“昆山,梁置。平陈废。”(北京:中华书局,1973年汪绍楹等校点本,3册,877页)", "source uri" : "" }