{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40379", "sys_id" : "hvd_40379", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "常熟縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "常熟县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Changshu Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "589", "begin rule" : "0", "end" : "623", "end rule" : "0" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.79191", "longitude" : "120.75291", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今江苏常熟县西北五十里南沙城", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_32024", "name" : "常州", "transcribed" : "Chang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_32067", "name" : "吴郡", "transcribed" : "Wu Jun" }, { "begin year" : "621", "end year" : "623", "parent id" : "hvd_32068", "name" : "苏州", "transcribed" : "Su Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40378", "name" : "常熟县", "transcribed" : "Changshu Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "常熟县(589——623)治所

隋平陈,由常熟故城移治南沙城(今江苏常熟县西北五十里),县境扩大。唐武德七年(624),移治今治。

隋平陈,由常熟故城移治南沙城(今江苏常熟县西北五十里),海阳、前京等县并入,县境扩大。⑴为常州治。⑵大业三年(607)复属吴郡。⑶唐武德七年(624),移治今治。⑷

⑴唐·魏徵:《隋书》卷31《地理下》:“旧曰南沙,梁置信义郡。平陈废,并所领海阳、前京、信义、海虞、兴国、南沙入焉。”(北京:中华书局,1973年汪绍楹等校点本,3册,877页)
晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40:“隋旧治南沙城。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,1586页)
《读史方舆纪要》卷24《江南六》南沙废县:“县西北五十里。咸康七年,始罢盐署,立为南沙县,属晋陵郡。宋齐因之。梁置信义郡。隋平陈,废郡。又徙常熟县治焉。唐移县于今治,故城遂墟。”(北京,中华书局,2册,1116页)具体定点参考谭其骧主编《中国历史地图集》第5册隋代淮南江表诸郡幅。
⑵《太平寰宇记》卷92《江南东道四》:“隋平陈,省晋陵郡,于苏州常熟县置常州。州名因县之旧字也。”(金陵书局本,18册,1页)
常州治常熟县的起始年代,《太平寰宇记》有明确记载。常州何时移时晋陵县(今江苏常州市),史无明文记载,如杨守敬《〈隋书·地理志〉考证附补遗》:“后割常熟县属苏州,移常州理于晋陵县。《寰宇记》:炀帝初,州废为毗陵郡。”(北京,中华书局,《二十五史补编》本,4册,4370页)现暂以隋炀帝改州为郡的大业三年(607)为移治之年。
⑶《太平寰宇记》卷92《江南东道四》:“隋平陈,省晋陵郡,于苏州常熟县置常州。州名因县之旧字也。炀帝初州废,又为毗陵郡”(金陵书局本,18册,1页)常熟县改属吴郡的年代,史无明确记载,暂以大业三年(607)改常州为晋陵郡前,常熟县属常州;大业三年(607)改常州为毗陵郡后,常熟县改属吴郡。
⑷晋·刘昫:《旧唐书》卷40:“武德七年,移于今所治城。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,1586页)
《读史方舆纪要》卷24《江南六》:“唐武德七年,又移治于故海虞城,仍属苏州府。”又:“常熟故城,……梁置县于此,今县即故海虞城。”(北京,中华书局,2册,1115页)
嘉庆《清一统志》卷78《苏州府二》:“海虞故城,在常熟县东。……唐武德七年,自南沙移理海虞城。《九域志》:县在州北七十里。《琴川志》:有常熟镇,在县东一百二十步,即废县,犹有镇桥存焉。按《寰宇记》,虞山在县西六里,则唐宋故县,尚应在今县之东,今县盖南宋初李闓之所移也。盖是时县址,止缘虞山东麓,至元时筑城,始展拓西偏,上跨山脊。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,26册,1页)", "source uri" : "" }