{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40316", "sys_id" : "hvd_40316", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "沙縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "沙县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Sha Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "655", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "883", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.39124", "longitude" : "117.82266", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省沙县东古县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "655", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_32065", "name" : "建州", "transcribed" : "Jian Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32061", "name" : "建安郡", "transcribed" : "Jian'an Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "776", "parent id" : "hvd_32062", "name" : "建州", "transcribed" : "Jian Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "777", "end year" : "778", "parent id" : "hvd_32045", "name" : "汀州", "transcribed" : "Ting Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "779", "end year" : "883", "parent id" : "hvd_32041", "name" : "汀州", "transcribed" : "Ting Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "沙县(655-883年)治所
唐永徽六年(655年)复置,属建州,大历十二年(777年)割属汀州1。治所在今福建沙县东古县,唐中和四年(884年)迁今治2。
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1,《新唐书》卷41·地理五·汀州·沙县:“本隶建州,武德四年置,后省入建安。永徽六年复置,大历十二年来属。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1065页)。
2,《读史方舆纪要》卷97·福建三·延平府·沙县:“沙县故城,县东十里,对古铜场即沙源地。唐初置县治此,中和四年以旧地偏窄,徙凤林岗,即今治也。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4050页)。牛平汉《清代政取沿革综表》福建省·延平府·沙县。清初沙县治所即今福建沙县。(北京,中国地图出版社,1992年,171页)。《福建省地图集》沙县幅,沙县东偏南约十里有地名古县。当是。(福建省民政厅,1962年,119-120页)。", "source uri" : "" }