{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40309", "sys_id" : "hvd_40309", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "順昌縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "顺昌县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Shunchang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "948", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "5" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.79709", "longitude" : "117.80628", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省顺昌县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "948", "end year" : "978", "parent id" : "hvd_32051", "name" : "剑州", "transcribed" : "Jian Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "979", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_32133", "name" : "南剑州", "transcribed" : "Nanjian Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1301", "parent id" : "hvd_32125", "name" : "南剑路", "transcribed" : "Nanjian Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1302", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_32124", "name" : "延平路", "transcribed" : "Yanping Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32131", "name" : "延平府", "transcribed" : "Yanping Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138128", "name" : "上源", "transcribed" : "Shangyuan" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138121", "name" : "仁寿", "transcribed" : "Renshou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138136", "name" : "元阬", "transcribed" : "Yuankeng" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138125", "name" : "吴墩", "transcribed" : "Wuduan" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138130", "name" : "大干", "transcribed" : "Dagan" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138127", "name" : "富屯", "transcribed" : "Futun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138126", "name" : "店下", "transcribed" : "Dianxia" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138131", "name" : "来富", "transcribed" : "Lai Fu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138122", "name" : "桂溪", "transcribed" : "Guixi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138123", "name" : "沙口", "transcribed" : "Shakou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138124", "name" : "洋墩", "transcribed" : "Yangduan" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138135", "name" : "漠布", "transcribed" : "Mobu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138133", "name" : "石湖", "transcribed" : "Shihu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138134", "name" : "石溪", "transcribed" : "Shixi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138132", "name" : "罗坊", "transcribed" : "Luofang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138138", "name" : "郑坊", "transcribed" : "Zhengfang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138129", "name" : "铺上", "transcribed" : "Pushang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138137", "name" : "陈村", "transcribed" : "Chencun" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "顺昌县(948-1912年)治所
五代南唐保大六年(948年),以永顺场升县1。治所即今福建顺昌县2。初属剑州3。宋太平兴国四年(979年),属南剑州4。元至元十五年(1278年),属南剑路,大德六年(1302年),属延平路5。明洪武元年(1368年),属延平府6。清因之7。1913年废府留县8。
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1,《太平寰宇记》卷100·江南东道十二·南剑州·顺昌县:唐“景福二年,又置将水镇,寻改为永顺场,复立为顺昌县焉。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,19册)。《舆地广记》卷34·福建路·南剑州:“顺昌县,南唐置。”(《丛书集成初编》,1937年,5册,353页)。《舆地纪胜》卷133·福建路·南剑州·县沿革·顺昌县:“唐正观三年,置浆水场,后又置浆水镇,寻改为永顺场,隶建州。五代时伪唐升为顺昌县,改隶本州。皇朝因之。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3806页)。《宋史》卷89·地理五·福建路·南剑州:“顺昌,南唐升永顺场为县。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2208页)。正德《顺昌县志》卷1·建置沿革:“景福二年,改为将水镇。寻改为永顺场,隶建州,后为伪闽王延政所据。五代南唐俘王延政,并有其地,始置为顺昌县,隶建州。”(福建省顺昌县志编委会整理,1985年,2页)。《读史方舆纪要》卷97·福建三·延平府·顺昌县:“景福二年,改为永顺场,寻升为顺昌县,属建州。南唐保大三年,改属剑州。宋以后因之。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4055页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷430·延平府·建置沿革·顺昌县:“唐贞观三年,置将水场,后改将水镇,属建州。五代时南唐置顺昌县,属剑州。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,158册)。道光《顺昌县志》卷1·建置沿革:“顺昌,旧称汉乾佑元年南唐始置为县。何氏《闽书》云,南唐以永昌场置,一云保大六年置顺昌县于建州永昌场。按:《十国春秋》闽永隆二年,王延政取永平、顺昌二城。是顺昌之名似不自南唐始。考宋白《续通典》云:唐景福二年置将水镇改为永顺场,寻立为顺昌县。是应以宋柏《续通典》为是。”(台湾,文成出版社,《中国方志丛书》华南地方,220号,49页)。1962年《福建省地图集》顺昌县幅说明,谓县置于后唐长兴四年。当是据《福建通志》:“景福二年置将水镇,寻改为永顺场。闽龙启元年立为顺昌县。”1985年福建省顺昌县志编委会为《顺昌县志》建置沿革作注,据《三山志》,定为“后唐长兴四年,即闽启龙元年,由场升县。”
按:以上诸书关于顺昌县的设置年代有三:一唐景福二年置,二后唐长兴四年即闽启龙元年置,三汉乾佑元年南唐保大六年置。顺昌之名似不自南唐始,县治设置年代当断在后唐长兴四年,即闽启龙元年,由永顺场升顺昌县,较为合理。
重要附注:本文初编定为南唐保大六年置,并已按此定府级边界变迁,因涉及面较广,故暂按保大六年置县。待后再重新改编。
2,《嘉庆一统志》卷430·延平府·古迹·永顺场:“在顺昌县治。《寰宇记》:顺昌县在南剑州西一百三十里。唐贞观三年,置将水镇,寻改为永顺场,后立为县。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,158册)。据牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》福建·延平府,清延平府顺昌县,即今福建顺昌县。(北京,中国地图出版社,1990年,169页)。
3,《舆地纪胜》卷133·福建路·南剑州·州沿革·南剑州:五代晋开运二年“南唐伐殷,殷王延政降,地归南唐。南唐保大四年分延平、剑浦、富沙三县置剑州。(此据《五代史》南唐李中主传。而《寰宇记》以为唐保大四年立为延平军,因析沙县、建安、顺昌等地为军额,至保大六年升为剑州,又割剑浦、尤溪等县来属…。不同。象之谨按,《五代史》年表保大四年丙午,即开运三年丙午也;保大六年戊申,即乾又元年戊申也。而《通鉴》开运三年丙午,唐陈觉还自剑州,矫诏发汀、建、抚等州兵攻福州。使剑州果置于保大六年戊申,不应保大四年丙午陈觉已还至剑州也。兼《五代史》李璟传亦以为保大四年分延平、剑浦、富沙三县置剑州,与《五代史》年表相应,则剑州之置当在保大四年,而益剑浦、尤溪等县在保大六年耳。)(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3805-3806页)。据此,剑州当是保大四年分延平、剑浦、富沙三县所置。但剑浦乃龙津于保大六年所改,故保大四年之剑浦,当为龙津。《舆地纪胜》卷133·福建路·南剑州·县沿革·顺昌县:“五代时,伪唐升为顺昌县,改隶本州。皇朝因之。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3806页)。此前,据《读史方舆纪要》,“顺昌县属建州”。
4,《宋史》卷89·地理五·福建路·南剑州:“太平兴国四年,加‘南’字。…。县五:…顺昌,南唐升永顺场为县…。”(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2208页)。
5,《元史》卷62·福建道宣为司·延平路:“元至元十五年,升南剑路,后改延平路。”(", "source uri" : "" }