{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40297", "sys_id" : "hvd_40297", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "莆田縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "莆田县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Putian Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "567", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "589", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.32223", "longitude" : "119.07619", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省莆田市东南三十里", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "567", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_32078", "name" : "南安郡", "transcribed" : "Nan'an Jun" }, { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_32036", "name" : "泉州", "transcribed" : "Quan Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "莆田县(567-589年)治所
陈光大元年(567年),分南安县地置,属丰州1。治所在今福建莆田市东南三十里2。隋开皇十年(590年)废3。
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1,《元和郡县图志》卷29·江南道五·泉州·莆田县:“本南安县地,陈废帝分置莆田县。隋开皇十年省。”(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,720页)。《隋书》卷31·地理下·建安郡:“陈置闽州,仍废,后又置丰州。平陈,改曰泉州。大业初改曰闽州。”“南安,旧曰晋安,置南安郡。平陈,郡废,县改名焉;又置莆田县,寻废入焉。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,879页)。《舆地纪胜》卷135·福建路·福州·州沿革:“陈置闽州(永定元年),寻废,后又置丰州(光大元年)。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3639页)。今据此作陈废帝光大元年置丰州的同时,分南安县地置莆田县。
《隋书》作平陈置,寻废。《读史方舆纪要》卷96·兴化府·莆田县,作隋开皇十年置,大业初废。《嘉庆一统志》卷427·兴化府·莆田县,作开皇九年置,寻废。存疑。
2,《嘉庆一统志》卷427·兴化府·古迹:“莆田故城,在莆田县东南。《陈书》:天嘉五年,陈宝应为章超达所败,走至莆口。《府志》:莆田里,在县东十五里;又有莆头村,在县东南三十里,相传即故莆口也。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,155册)。清莆田县即今县。据此,定莆田故县于莆口,即今福建莆田县东南三十里。
3,《舆地纪胜》卷135·福建路·兴华军·县沿革·莆田县:“置于陈之废帝,废于隋之开皇。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3853页)。参见《元和志》,作隋开皇十年废入南安。", "source uri" : "" }