{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40284", "sys_id" : "hvd_40284", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "寧化縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "宁化县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Ninghua Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "742", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "922", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.26531", "longitude" : "116.68062", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省宁化县东五里", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32044", "name" : "临汀郡", "transcribed" : "Linting Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "778", "parent id" : "hvd_32045", "name" : "汀州", "transcribed" : "Ting Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "779", "end year" : "922", "parent id" : "hvd_32041", "name" : "汀州", "transcribed" : "Ting Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40283", "name" : "黄连县", "transcribed" : "Huanglian Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "宁化县(742-922年)治所
唐天宝元年(742年),以黄连县更名,初属临汀郡,乾元元年(758年),属汀州1。治所在今福建宁化县东五里,五代后唐同光元年(923年)迁今治2。
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1,《旧唐书》卷40·地理三·江南东道·汀洲:“开元二十四年,开福、抚二州山洞,置汀州。天宝元年,改为临汀郡。乾元元年,复为汀州。天宝领县三:”“长汀,州治所;龙岩;宁化。以上三县,并开元二十四年,开山洞置。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,3册,1600-1601页)。《新唐书》卷41·地理五·江南道·汀洲·宁化县:“本黄连,天宝元年更名。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1065页)。今据此作开元二十四年置县,名黄连,天宝元年更名宁化。
2,《读史方舆纪要》卷98·福建四·汀州府·宁化县:“黄连城,县东五里。本黄连镇,唐置黄连县于此,以地产黄连而名,寻曰宁化。后唐同光元年,王闽迁县之于镇西竹篠窝。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4066页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷434·汀州府一·古迹·黄连废县:“在宁化县东。”“旧《志》:黄连故城,在今县东五里,亦曰黄连镇。五代后唐同光元年,王闽迁治于镇西竹篠窝,即今治也。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,160册)。牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》福建省汀州府·宁化县,治所今址:“福建省宁化县。”(北京,中国地图出版社,1990年171页)。", "source uri" : "" }