{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40269", "sys_id" : "hvd_40269", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "邵武縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "邵武县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Shaowu Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "592", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "935", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "27.33769", "longitude" : "117.48340", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省邵武市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "592", "end year" : "606", "parent id" : "hvd_32529", "name" : "抚州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "607", "end year" : "621", "parent id" : "hvd_32530", "name" : "临川郡", "transcribed" : "Linchuan Jun" }, { "begin year" : "622", "end year" : "623", "parent id" : "hvd_32531", "name" : "抚州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "624", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_32065", "name" : "建州", "transcribed" : "Jian Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32061", "name" : "建安郡", "transcribed" : "Jian'an Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "935", "parent id" : "hvd_32062", "name" : "建州", "transcribed" : "Jian Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "邵武县(592-935年)治所
隋开皇十二年(592年)置,属抚州,大业三年(607)属临川郡1。治所即今福建邵武东故县街2。唐武德七年(624年)改属建州,贞观三年(629年)省绥城县入邵武,天宝元年(742年)属建安郡,乾元元年(758年)复属建州3。五代晋天福元年(936年),复改县名为昭武4。
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1,《隋书》卷31·地理下·建安郡·建安县:“旧置建安郡,平陈废。”郡无邵武县。临川郡·邵武县:“开皇十二年置。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,879-880页)。据此,邵武县当与建安郡同时,废于开皇九年平陈之时。开皇十二年复置邵武县,即属临川郡。
《太平寰宇记》卷101·江南东道十三·邵武军·邵武县:“隋开皇十八年废郡,县隶抚州。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,19册)。此记载与《隋志》异,当从《隋志》。
2,《读史方舆纪要》卷98·福建四·邵武府·邵武县:“乌坂城,府治东三里。萧子开《建安记》,越王筑六城以拒汉,乌坂其一也。亦曰故县城,北倚山麓,南滨大溪。《志》云,今府城宋置军时所筑,本土城,周十里有奇。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4080页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷432·邵武府·古迹:“邵武故城,在邵武县治西。三国吴置昭武县,晋初避讳改名。《旧志》县城,宋太平兴国五年土筑。西跨熙春、西塔二山,周十里有奇。元初尽坠。至正间总督魏嘉努重筑,西视旧址收入二里许。今县西有熙春坝,即故城基也。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,160册)。《福建省地图集》邵武县幅,邵武县东有故县街(福建省民政厅,1962年,125-126页)。据此,宋太平兴国五年以前,县治当在今邵武市东故县街。
3,《旧唐书》卷40·地理三·江南东道·建州:“隋建安郡之建安县。武德四年,置建州,领绥城、唐兴、建阳、沙、将乐、邵武等县。天宝元年,改为建安郡。乾元元年,复为建州。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,3册,1600页)。《新唐书》卷41·地理五·江南东道·建州:“邵武,本隶抚州,武德四年析置绥城县,隶建州,七年以邵武来属。贞观三年省绥城入焉。”(北京,中抓数据,1975年,4册,1064页)。
4,《太平寰宇记》卷101·江南东道十三·邵武军·邵武县:“晋天福初,改为昭武县。汉初复旧。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,19册)。", "source uri" : "" }