{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40260", "sys_id" : "hvd_40260", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "同安縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "同安县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Tong'an Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "939", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "5" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "24.73605", "longitude" : "118.14412", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省同安县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "939", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_32075", "name" : "泉州", "transcribed" : "Quan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_32100", "name" : "泉州路", "transcribed" : "Quanzhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32094", "name" : "泉州府", "transcribed" : "Quanzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137509", "name" : "下浦", "transcribed" : "Xiapu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137514", "name" : "五显宫", "transcribed" : "Wuxiangong" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137525", "name" : "何厝", "transcribed" : "Hecuo" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137513", "name" : "刘五店", "transcribed" : "Liuwudian" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137516", "name" : "前场", "transcribed" : "Qianchang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137518", "name" : "厦门", "transcribed" : "Xiamen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137511", "name" : "古宅", "transcribed" : "Guzhai" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137504", "name" : "埭头", "transcribed" : "Daitou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137522", "name" : "大路尾", "transcribed" : "Daluwei" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137517", "name" : "安民塘", "transcribed" : "Anmintang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137529", "name" : "料罗", "transcribed" : "Liaoluo" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137508", "name" : "新墟", "transcribed" : "Xinxu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137505", "name" : "新店", "transcribed" : "Xindian" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137524", "name" : "水头", "transcribed" : "Shuitou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137519", "name" : "江头", "transcribed" : "Jiangtou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137507", "name" : "沈井塘", "transcribed" : "Shenjingtang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137530", "name" : "深青塘", "transcribed" : "Shenqingtang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137528", "name" : "湖下", "transcribed" : "Huxia" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137515", "name" : "灌口", "transcribed" : "Guankou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137512", "name" : "珩厝", "transcribed" : "Hangcuo" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137503", "name" : "石寻", "transcribed" : "Shixun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137523", "name" : "角尾", "transcribed" : "Jiaowei" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137510", "name" : "金柄", "transcribed" : "Jinbing" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137526", "name" : "金门", "transcribed" : "Jinmen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137527", "name" : "青屿", "transcribed" : "Qingyu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137506", "name" : "马巷", "transcribed" : "Maxiang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137521", "name" : "高埔", "transcribed" : "Gaopu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137520", "name" : "高崎", "transcribed" : "Gaoqi" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "同安县(939-1912年)治所
五代晋天福四年(939年),升南安大同场为县1。治所即今福建同安县2。五代、宋属泉州3。元至元十五年(1278年),属泉州路4。明洪武元年(1368年),属泉州府5。清因之6。1913年,废府留县7。
————————————————
1,《太平寰宇记》卷102·江南东道十四·泉州:“同安县,西南一百六十三里。唐贞元十九年,析南安县南界四乡置大同场。福州伪命已亥岁升为同安县。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,20册)。按:己亥年,在五代晋天福四年、闽永隆元年。
《嘉庆一统志》作后唐天成四年复置;《读史方舆纪要》同;吴锡璜《同安县志》断为后唐长兴三年,不从。
2,《嘉庆一统志》卷428·泉州府·古迹:“同安故城,今同安县治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,156册)。据牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》福建省泉州府,清同安县治所即今福建同安县。(中国地图出版社,1990年,169页)。
3,《太平寰宇记》卷102·江南东道十四·泉州:“天宝元年,改为清源郡。乾元元年,复为泉州。皇朝为平海军节度。”领县七:“同安县,西南一百六十三里。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,20册)。
4,《元史》卷62·地理五·福建道宣慰司·泉州路:“唐置武荣州,又改泉州。宋未平海军。元至元十四年,立行宣慰司,兼行征南元帅府事。十五年,改宣慰司为行中书省,升泉州路总管府。十八年,迁行省于福州路。十九年,复还泉州。二十年,仍迁福州路。”“县七:晋江,倚郭;南安;惠安;同安…。”(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1505页)。
5,《明史》卷45·地理六·福建·泉州府:“元泉州路,属福建道宣慰司。洪武元年为府。”“领县七:晋江,倚;南安;同安…。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1128-1129页)。
6,《嘉庆一统志》卷428·泉州府·建置沿革:晋江县“明属泉州府。本朝因之。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,156册)。牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》福建省泉州府,清泉州府领同安县,至清末沿袭不改。(中国地图出版社,1990年,169页)。
7,内政部编《中华民国行政区域简表》福建省·晋江县:“旧泉州府附郭首县,民国二年三月载府留县。”(商务印书馆,1947年,65页)。", "source uri" : "" }