{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40258", "sys_id" : "hvd_40258", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "惠安縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "惠安县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Hui'an Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "981", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "5" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.02208", "longitude" : "118.80282", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省惠安县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "981", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_32075", "name" : "泉州", "transcribed" : "Quan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_32100", "name" : "泉州路", "transcribed" : "Quanzhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32094", "name" : "泉州府", "transcribed" : "Quanzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137475", "name" : "下安", "transcribed" : "Xia'an" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137476", "name" : "下洋", "transcribed" : "Xiayang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137460", "name" : "东吴", "transcribed" : "Dongwu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137479", "name" : "东园街", "transcribed" : "Dongyuanjie" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137459", "name" : "交界塘", "transcribed" : "Jiaojietang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137477", "name" : "后海", "transcribed" : "Houhai" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137471", "name" : "后见", "transcribed" : "Houjian" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137467", "name" : "大吴", "transcribed" : "Dawu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137468", "name" : "小岞", "transcribed" : "Xiaozuo" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137463", "name" : "山腰", "transcribed" : "Shanyao" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137466", "name" : "峰崎", "transcribed" : "Fengqi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137470", "name" : "崇武", "transcribed" : "Chongwu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137465", "name" : "沙格", "transcribed" : "Shage" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137462", "name" : "泽坂塘", "transcribed" : "Zebantang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137480", "name" : "洛阳港", "transcribed" : "Luoyanggang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137473", "name" : "涂寨", "transcribed" : "Tuzhai" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137461", "name" : "白井", "transcribed" : "Baijing" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137478", "name" : "白奇", "transcribed" : "Baiqi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137474", "name" : "秀涂", "transcribed" : "Xiutu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137464", "name" : "蜂尾", "transcribed" : "Fengwei" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137469", "name" : "西浦", "transcribed" : "Xipu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137472", "name" : "门头", "transcribed" : "Mentou" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "惠安县(981-1912年)治所
宋太平兴国六年,析晋江县北乡置,属泉州1。治所即今福建惠安县2。元至元十五年,属泉州路3。明洪武元年,属泉州府4。清因之5。1913年废府留县6。
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1,《太平寰宇记》卷102·江南东道十四·泉州:“惠安县,去州四十五里。本晋江县北乡也。皇朝太平兴国六年析置惠安县。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,20册)。《元丰九域志》卷九·福建路·泉州:太平兴国“六年,析晋江县地置惠安县。”惠安县“州北四十七里。”(北京,中华书局,1984年,上册,402-403页)。《舆地纪胜》卷130·福建路·泉州·惠安县:“国朝《会要》云,太平兴国六年析晋江(按:原书江误为安)县地。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3730页)。《宋史·地理志》记载相同。
按:以上著述,均谓惠安县置于太平兴国六年。但《舆地纪胜》又引《图经》云:“淳化五年析晋江县地置。”与上引诸书记载不同,今从众处理。
2,据注1《寰宇记》泉州:“惠安县,去州四十五里”;《九域志》惠安县“州北四十七里”的记载,其道里与今惠安和泉州的距离吻合,即始设县时治所当在今福建惠安县治。嘉靖《惠安县志》卷八·公宇“县治,宋太平兴国六年建。”同治《泉州府志》卷十二·公署“惠安县治,在…螺山之阳,宋太平兴国六年建。”均可证惠安县古今同治。
但《舆地广记》卷34·福建路·泉州·惠安县下云“皇朝淳化五年,析晋江置。”(《丛书集成初编》,1937年,5册,352页)。《舆地纪胜》卷130·福建路·泉州·惠安县亦云:“在州北七十里。”并引“《图经》云,淳化五年析晋江县地置。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3730页)。嘉靖《惠安县志》卷一·建置:“宋乃自为县也。然今县北龙窟岭下有古县遗址,市廛私謼与今治颇相类,岂始基于此,而后乃迁与,盖不可考矣。”万历元年《惠安证书》·证书二·地里考:“建置,宋太平兴国六年,始割晋江东乡十六里置县。然六都有古县遗址,若始基于彼,后乃迁之,则今署非六年建矣。故老又传建自崔令。自三四都左旋至十都,原属兴化,余属晋江,尚未有征,阙之。”证书五·六都:“按志,古县在此。其迁置前不可考,尚有遗址。”(福建人民出版社,1987年,23页,123页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷28·泉州府·古迹:“惠安故城”引《通志》云:“旧县治在县东北六都龙窟岭下,故址尚存。后徙于螺山之阳,即今治。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,156册)。同治《泉州府志》卷七·山川·惠安县龙窟岭下引《闽书》:“宋太平兴国间,令崔某移县治于今所,至今龙窟山中市廛名号多类今县,此盖古废县遗址也。”《福建省地图集》惠安县幅,县东北坝头溪中游有地名“古县”。(福建省地图集编委会,1962年,71-72页)。其距泉州里数,与《舆地纪胜》记载“在州北七十里”基本一致。按:明清诸志均谓六都有惠安古县,《舆地纪胜》虽以为淳化五年所置,但又说与国朝《会要》太平兴国六年析置不同,“当考”。即惠安古县问题,自南宋以来已成疑案。或如同治《泉州府志》于龙窟岭下引《闽书》后所加的按语:“按《宋史》太平兴国六年析晋江东十六乡置惠安县,是惠安于宋初置县,安得复有古县。闽书所载,或系前此未县时,其地为大聚落,及置县时,居民皆袭旧号,后人沿此而附和之也。”或在太平兴国六年至淳化五年之间,惠安县治曾有迁徙,然无其他记载可为佐证,不可臆断。今据《寰宇记》,作始置县时即在今县治,其后未曾迁徙处理。
3,《元史》卷62·地理五·福建道宣慰司·泉州路:“唐置武荣州,又改泉州。宋未平海军。元至元十四年,立行宣慰司,兼行征南元帅府事。十五年,改宣慰司为行中书省,升泉州路总管府。十八年,迁行省于福州路。十九年,复还泉州。二十年,仍迁福州路。”“县七:晋江,倚郭;南安;惠安…。”(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1505页)。
4,《明史》卷45·地理六·福建·泉州府:“元泉州路,属福建道宣慰司。洪武元年为府。”“领县七:晋江,倚;南安;惠安…。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1128-1129页)。
5,《嘉庆一统志》卷428·泉州府·建置沿革:晋江县“明属泉州府。本朝因之。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,156册)。牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》福建省泉州府,清惠安县属泉州府,至清末沿袭不改。(中国地图出版社,1990年,169页)。
6,内政部编《中华民国行政区域简表》福建省·晋江县:“旧泉州府附郭首县,民国二年三月载府留县。”(商务印书馆,1947年,65页)。", "source uri" : "" }