{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40257", "sys_id" : "hvd_40257", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "晉江縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "晋江县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jinjiang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "728", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "5" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "24.90964", "longitude" : "118.58990", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省泉州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "728", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_32355", "name" : "泉州", "transcribed" : "Quan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32074", "name" : "清源郡", "transcribed" : "Qingyuan Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_32075", "name" : "泉州", "transcribed" : "Quan Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_32100", "name" : "泉州路", "transcribed" : "Quanzhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32094", "name" : "泉州府", "transcribed" : "Quanzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137495", "name" : "丙州", "transcribed" : "Bing Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137501", "name" : "东埔", "transcribed" : "Dongpu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137502", "name" : "东店", "transcribed" : "Dongdian" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137491", "name" : "东石", "transcribed" : "Dongshi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137496", "name" : "围头", "transcribed" : "Weitou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137488", "name" : "塘市", "transcribed" : "Tangshi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137489", "name" : "安海", "transcribed" : "Anhai" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137482", "name" : "桥南塘", "transcribed" : "Qiaonantang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138480", "name" : "永宁", "transcribed" : "Yongning" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137499", "name" : "沙堤", "transcribed" : "Shadi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137487", "name" : "沙塘", "transcribed" : "Shatang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137481", "name" : "河市", "transcribed" : "Heshi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137483", "name" : "法石", "transcribed" : "Fashi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138481", "name" : "深沪", "transcribed" : "Shenhu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137490", "name" : "灵水", "transcribed" : "Lingshui" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137492", "name" : "白沙", "transcribed" : "Baisha" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137494", "name" : "石圳塘", "transcribed" : "Shizhentang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137484", "name" : "石岐", "transcribed" : "Shiqi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137486", "name" : "石狮", "transcribed" : "Shishi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137493", "name" : "石菌", "transcribed" : "Shijun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137500", "name" : "祥芝", "transcribed" : "Xiangzhi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137497", "name" : "福全塘", "transcribed" : "Fuquantang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138479", "name" : "蚶江", "transcribed" : "Hanjiang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137498", "name" : "衙口", "transcribed" : "Yakou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138478", "name" : "陈埭", "transcribed" : "Chendai" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137485", "name" : "青阳", "transcribed" : "Qingyang" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "晋江县(728-1912年)治所
唐开元八年(728年),析南安县东境置,为泉州治1。治所即今福建泉州市2。天宝元年(742年),为清源郡治;乾元元年(758年),为泉州治3。五代、宋因之4。元至元十五年(1278年),为泉州路治5。明洪武元年(1368年),为泉州府治6。清因之7。1913年,废府留县8。
————————————————————————
1,《旧唐书》卷40·地理三·泉州:“景云二年改为泉州。开元二十九年,割龙溪属漳州。天宝元年,改泉州为清源郡。乾元元年,复为泉州。天宝领县四:”“晋江,开元八年,分南安置,今为州之治所。南安…莆田…仙游…。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,3册,1599页)。《新唐书》卷41·地理五·泉州:“景云二年更名。”领县四:“晋江,开元八年析南安置。…南安…莆田…仙游…。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1065页)。《舆地广记》也作开元八年。
《元和郡县图志》卷29·江南道五·泉州·晋江县:“开元六年,刺史冯任知缘州郭无县,请析南安县东置,在晋江之北,因名。”(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,720页)。设县年份与两《唐书》记载异。今作开元六年提出置附郭县的申报,八年正式批准建县为州郭。
2,《嘉庆一统志》卷428泉州府·古迹:“晋江故城,今府治。本南安县地。唐析置县为泉州治。”据牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》福建泉州府治所,即今福建泉州市。
3,《旧唐书》卷40·地理三·泉州:“景云二年改为泉州。开元二十九年,割龙溪属漳州。天宝元年,改泉州为清源郡。乾元元年,复为泉州。天宝领县四:”“晋江,开元八年,分南安置,今为州之州所。南安…莆田…仙游…。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,3册,1599页)。《新唐书》卷41·地理五·泉州:“本武荣州,圣历二年析泉州之南安、莆田、龙溪置,治南安,后治晋江。三年,州废,县还隶泉州。久视元年复置。景云二年更名。”领县四:晋江、南安、莆田、仙游。(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1065页)。
4,《舆地纪胜》卷130·福建路·泉州·县沿革:晋江县:“倚郭。《舆地广记》云,开元八年,析南安置,而自南安徙州治此。皇朝《郡县志》云,以县东有晋江为名。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3728页)。
5,《元史》卷62·地理五·福建道宣慰司·泉州路:“唐置武荣州,又改泉州。宋未平海军。元至元十四年,立行宣慰司,兼行征南元帅府事。十五年,改宣慰司为行中书省,升泉州路总管府。十八年,迁行省于福州路。十九年,复还泉州。二十年,仍迁福州路。”“县七:晋江,倚郭;南安;…。”(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1505页)。
6,《明史》卷45·地理六·福建·泉州府:“元泉州路,属福建道宣慰司。洪武元年为府。”“领县七:晋江,倚;南安;…。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1128-1129页)。
7,《嘉庆一统志》卷428·泉州府·建置沿革:晋江县“明属泉州府。本朝因之。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,156册)。牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》福建省泉州府,清晋江县为泉州附郭县,至清末沿袭不改。(中国地图出版社,1990年,169页)。
8,内政部编《中华民国行政区域简表》福建省·晋江县:“旧泉州府附郭首县,民国二年三月载府留县。”(商务印书馆,1947年,65页)。", "source uri" : "" }