{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40227", "sys_id" : "hvd_40227", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "長溪縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "长溪县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Changxi Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "742", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1285", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.88346", "longitude" : "119.99039", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省霞浦县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32086", "name" : "长乐郡", "transcribed" : "Changle Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "932", "parent id" : "hvd_32087", "name" : "福州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "933", "end year" : "947", "parent id" : "hvd_32088", "name" : "长乐府", "transcribed" : "Changle Fu" }, { "begin year" : "948", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_32089", "name" : "福州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_32120", "name" : "福安府", "transcribed" : "Fu'an Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1285", "parent id" : "hvd_32118", "name" : "福州路", "transcribed" : "Fuzhou Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40216", "name" : "温麻县", "transcribed" : "Wenma Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "长溪县(742-1285年)治所
唐天宝元年(742年),以温麻县改置1。治所即今福建霞浦县2。天宝元年(742年)属长乐郡,乾元元年(758年)属福州3。五代唐长兴四年(933年)属长乐府,汉乾又元年(948年)属福州。宋景炎元年(1276年)属福安府4。元至元十五年(1278年)属福州路,至元二十三年(1286年),升为福宁州5。
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1,《太平寰宇记》卷100·江南东道12·福州·长溪县:唐“长安二年又置温麻县,以县界有温麻溪为名。天宝元年改为长溪县。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,19册)。参见林汀水《闽东、闽北若干政区地名沿革考辨》,《厦门大学学报》哲社版,1998年,第1期,103页。
2,《读史方舆纪要》卷96·福建二·福宁州:“长溪废县,今州治。本温麻县地。”又曰“长溪,州西四十五里。…唐因以长溪名县。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4012页)。明福宁州治即今霞浦县。
3,《旧唐书》卷40·地理三·福州中都督府:“贞观初置泉州。景云二年改为闽州,…。开元十三年改为福州,…。天宝初…寻改为长乐郡。乾元元年,复为福州都督府。”天宝领县八:“长溪。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,3册,1598页)。
4,清《嘉庆一统志》卷425·福州府一·建置沿革:“乾元元年复曰福州。五代…长兴四年…改长乐府。…汉乾祐元年…仍曰福州。…宋景炎元年升福安府。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。
5,《元史》卷62·福州路:“宋为福建路。元至元十五年,为福州路。”领州二:“福宁州,唐长溪县,元升为福宁州。领县二:宁德、福安。”(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1504页)。《读史方舆纪要》卷96·福建二·福宁州:“元至元二十三年,升为福宁州”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4012页)。", "source uri" : "" }