{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40210", "sys_id" : "hvd_40210", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "閩清縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "闽清县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Minqing Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "911", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "5" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.21322", "longitude" : "118.86250", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省闽清县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "911", "end year" : "932", "parent id" : "hvd_32087", "name" : "福州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "933", "end year" : "947", "parent id" : "hvd_32088", "name" : "长乐府", "transcribed" : "Changle Fu" }, { "begin year" : "948", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_32089", "name" : "福州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_32120", "name" : "福安府", "transcribed" : "Fu'an Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_32118", "name" : "福州路", "transcribed" : "Fuzhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32116", "name" : "福州府", "transcribed" : "Fuzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137100", "name" : "上演", "transcribed" : "Shangyan" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137099", "name" : "云漈", "transcribed" : "Yunji" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137093", "name" : "凤凰池", "transcribed" : "Fenghuangchi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137110", "name" : "前坪", "transcribed" : "Qianping" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137096", "name" : "古洋", "transcribed" : "Guyang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137108", "name" : "四都街", "transcribed" : "Sidujie" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137104", "name" : "土坡寨", "transcribed" : "Tupozhai" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137097", "name" : "城门", "transcribed" : "Chengmen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137105", "name" : "塔庄", "transcribed" : "Tazhuang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137090", "name" : "大雄塘", "transcribed" : "Daxiongtang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137098", "name" : "宝峰", "transcribed" : "Baofeng" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137084", "name" : "山村", "transcribed" : "Shancun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137095", "name" : "巫岭", "transcribed" : "Wuling" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137086", "name" : "新桥", "transcribed" : "Xinqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137088", "name" : "时坪", "transcribed" : "Shiping" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137087", "name" : "朱山", "transcribed" : "Zhushan" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137085", "name" : "桥头", "transcribed" : "Qiaotou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137102", "name" : "池园衕", "transcribed" : "Chiyuantong" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137089", "name" : "汤寿桥", "transcribed" : "Tangshouqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137109", "name" : "潭口", "transcribed" : "Tankou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137101", "name" : "白汀塘", "transcribed" : "Baitingtang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137106", "name" : "茶口", "transcribed" : "Chakou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137091", "name" : "菜埕", "transcribed" : "Caicheng" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137103", "name" : "连埔", "transcribed" : "Lianpu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137107", "name" : "连洞", "transcribed" : "Liandong" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137094", "name" : "金沙", "transcribed" : "Jinsha" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137092", "name" : "饭宅", "transcribed" : "Fanzhai" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "闽清县(911-1912年)治所
五代梁乾化元年(911),以梅溪场置梅溪县,同年改名闽清县,属福州1。治所即今福建闽清县2。唐长兴四年(933年)属长乐府,汉乾祐元年(948年)属福州;宋景炎元年(1276年)属福安府3。元至元十五年(1278年)属福州路4。明、清属福州府5。1913年废府留县6。
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1,《太平寰宇记》卷100·江南东道十二·福州:“闽清县,唐贞观元年,割侯官一十里为梅溪场,至梁乾化元年改为县”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,19册)。
《新唐书》卷41·地理五·福州:“梅溪,贞元元年析候官置”(北京,中华书局,1975年,4册,1064页)。《旧唐书》卷40·地理三·福州下谓梅溪(原文误为梅青)为“新置”(北京,中华书局,1975年3册,1598-1599页)。而《元和郡县图志》卷29·江南道五·福州:“管县九”,无“梅溪县”。(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,718页)。故梅溪县始置年代,当以《太平寰宇记》所载为是。但新、旧《唐书》均有梅溪县,《寰宇记》则是以梅溪场径改为闽清县而无梅溪县。其原因,当是在乾化元年以梅溪场置县,初名梅溪县,寻更名为闽清县。清《嘉庆一统志》卷425·福州府一建置沿革:“闽清县,五代梁乾化元年,王氏置梅溪县,寻改曰闽清,属福州”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。其说甚是。
2,闽清以梅溪场改置。清《嘉庆一统志》卷425·福州府一·古迹:“梅溪场,今闽清县治”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》福建省福州府,闽清县“治所今址:福建省闽清县。”(中国地图出版社,1990年,169页)。
3,清《嘉庆一统志》卷425·福州府一建置沿革:“唐乾元元年(758年)复曰福州。五代初,为王氏所据。唐天成元年建闽国,长兴四年改长乐府。晋开运二年属南唐。汉乾祐元年属吴越仍曰福州。景炎元年升福安府,元至元十五年改福州路,明洪武元年改福州府,本朝为福建省治”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。
4,《元史》卷62·地理五·福州路:“宋为福建路。元至元十五年,为福州路。”领县九,有闽清县。(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1504页)。
5,《明史》卷45·地理六·福建·福州府:元福州路,“太祖吴元年为府。领县九:”有闽清县。(北京中华书局,1974年,4册,1122页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷425·福州府一·建置沿革:“闽清县,明属福州府,本朝因之。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。
6,内政部编:《中华民国行政区域简表》,商务印书馆,民国36年,64页。", "source uri" : "" }