{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40201", "sys_id" : "hvd_40201", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "福安縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "福安县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Fu'an Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1244", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "27.08866", "longitude" : "119.64677", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省福安县", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1244", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_32089", "name" : "福州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_32120", "name" : "福安府", "transcribed" : "Fu'an Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_32118", "name" : "福州路", "transcribed" : "Fuzhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1472", "parent id" : "hvd_32116", "name" : "福州府", "transcribed" : "Fuzhou Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1473", "end year" : "1733", "parent id" : "hvd_32110", "name" : "福宁州", "transcribed" : "Funing Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1734", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32019", "name" : "福宁府", "transcribed" : "Funing Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136703", "name" : "下洋", "transcribed" : "Xiayang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136725", "name" : "下邳塘", "transcribed" : "Xiapitang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136723", "name" : "北斗坞", "transcribed" : "Beidouwu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136724", "name" : "半屿", "transcribed" : "Banyu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136707", "name" : "坦洋", "transcribed" : "Tanyang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136722", "name" : "大获", "transcribed" : "Dahuo" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136709", "name" : "晓洋", "transcribed" : "Xiaoyang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136726", "name" : "松罗塘", "transcribed" : "Songluotang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136727", "name" : "柳溪塘", "transcribed" : "Liuxitang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136702", "name" : "沙阬", "transcribed" : "Shakeng" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136713", "name" : "洋尾塘", "transcribed" : "Yangweitang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136706", "name" : "湖塘坂", "transcribed" : "Hutangban" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136718", "name" : "溪柄", "transcribed" : "Xibing" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136714", "name" : "潘溪", "transcribed" : "Panxi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136705", "name" : "潭头", "transcribed" : "Tantou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136719", "name" : "牛岭尾塘", "transcribed" : "Niulingweitang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136716", "name" : "甘棠堡", "transcribed" : "Gantangbao" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136721", "name" : "白石", "transcribed" : "Baishi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136701", "name" : "白石坂", "transcribed" : "Baishiban" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136704", "name" : "社口塘", "transcribed" : "Shekoutang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136710", "name" : "穆洋塘", "transcribed" : "Muyangtang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136712", "name" : "苏堤", "transcribed" : "Sudi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136711", "name" : "苏家坂", "transcribed" : "Sujiaban" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136717", "name" : "苏洋", "transcribed" : "Suyang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136700", "name" : "财洪", "transcribed" : "Caihong" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136715", "name" : "赛岐", "transcribed" : "Saiqi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136708", "name" : "路下", "transcribed" : "Luxia" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_136720", "name" : "马头塘", "transcribed" : "Matoutang" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "福安县(1244-1912年)治所
宋淳祐四年(1244年),析长溪县地置1。治所即今福建福安县2。初属福州,宋景炎元年(1276年)属福安府3。元至元十五年属福州路,二十三年(1286年)改属福州路福宁州4。明洪武二年(1369年)改属福州府,成化九年(1473年)还属福宁州5。清雍正十二年(1734年)属福宁府6。1913年废府留县7。
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1,《元史》卷63·福州路·福宁州:“唐长溪县,元升为福宁州。领县二:宁德、福安。”(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1504页)。《读史方舆纪要》卷96·福建二·福宁州·福安县:“唐长溪县地。宋淳祐四年,析置福安县,治韩阳坂。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4012-4020页)。
2,清《嘉庆一统志》卷436·福宁府·古迹:“韩洋坂,今福安县治。县本长溪西乡,四境阔绝泝江踰岭。百姓有急,不得亟闻于有司。宋嘉定十年,士民郑子化等告分长溪为二。淳祐四年,始析长溪之永乐乡六里、灵霍乡三里置县,治韩洋坂。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,161册)。据牛平汉编《清代政区沿革综表》:福建省福宁府福安县即今县。(中国地图出版社,1990年,169页)。则福安县自析置以来,治所一直在今福建福安县。
3,《嘉庆一统志》卷425·福州府一·建置沿革:“五代…汉乾祐元年…仍曰福州。…宋景炎元年升福安府。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。
4,《元史》卷62·地理五·福州路:“宋为福建路。元至元十五年,为福州路。”领州二:“福宁州,唐长溪县,元升为福宁州。领县二:宁德、福安。”(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1504页)。《读史方舆纪要》卷96·福建二·福宁州:“元至元二十三年,升为福宁州。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4012页)。
5,《明史》卷45·地理六·福建·福宁州:“洪武二年八月降为县,属福州府。成化九年三月升为州,直隶布政司。”领县二:“福安,洪武二年属福州府。成化九年来属。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1132页)。
6,清《嘉庆一统志》卷436·福宁府·建置沿革·福安县:“唐为长溪县地。宋淳祐四年,析置福安县,属福州。元至元二十三年,改属福宁州。明洪武二年,改属福州府,成化九年,还属福宁州。本朝初因之。雍正十二年,属福宁府。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,161册)。
7,内政部编《中华民国行政区域简表》:福建省福安县。(商务印书馆,1947年,64页)。", "source uri" : "" }