{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40196", "sys_id" : "hvd_40196", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "福清縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "福清县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Fuqing Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "945", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1294", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "25.72792", "longitude" : "119.38144", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省福清市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "945", "end year" : "947", "parent id" : "hvd_32088", "name" : "长乐府", "transcribed" : "Changle Fu" }, { "begin year" : "948", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_32089", "name" : "福州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_32120", "name" : "福安府", "transcribed" : "Fu'an Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1294", "parent id" : "hvd_32118", "name" : "福州路", "transcribed" : "Fuzhou Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40195", "name" : "南台县", "transcribed" : "Nantai Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "福清县(945-1294年)治所
五代晋开运二年(945年),以南台县更名1。治所即今福建省福清市2。初属南唐长乐府,汉乾祐元年(948年)属吴越福州,宋景炎元年(1276年)属福安府,元至元十五年(1278年)属福州路3。元元贞元年(1295年)升为福清州4。
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1,《太平寰宇记》卷100·江南东道十二·福州:“福清县,…天宝元年改为福唐县。朱梁改为永昌县。后唐同光初复旧。晋天福初改为南台县,后复旧。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,19册)。《读史方舆纪要》卷96·福建二·福州府:福清县“五代唐同光初,复曰福唐。长兴四年,王氏又改曰福清县。〈志〉云:‘石晋天福七年,避讳改福唐曰南台’,盖不知闽之改为福清而遥改也。宋仍为福清县,属福州。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,3989页)。案:据《志》所言,南台县当以改福清县为是。此从《纪要》、《一统志》,不从《寰宇记》。晋开运二年南台县地入南唐仍属长乐府。据《读史方舆纪要》引《志》书所言,可不再避讳,“后复旧”名福清,当可断於此年。
2,清《嘉庆一统志》卷425·福州府一·古迹:“福清故城,在今县治东南,唐析长乐地置。明郭万程县治辨略:旧治永庆,即今县永东里。石晋初徙南台,即今台岭。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》福建省福州府,清福清县即今福建省福清县。(中国地图出版社,1990年,168页)。
3,《嘉庆一统志》卷425·福州府一·建置沿革:“五代初为王氏所据。唐天成元年,王延翰建闽国,长兴四年王延钧改长乐府。晋开运二年属南唐。汉乾祐元年属吴越,仍曰福州。…(宋)景炎元年省属福安府。元至元十五年改福州路。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。
《元史》卷62·地理五·福州路:“宋为福建路。元至元十五年,为福州路。领县九:”有福清县。(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1503-1504页)。
4,清《嘉庆一统志》卷425·福州府一·建置沿革:“福清县,在府南少东一百三十五里。…五代唐长兴四年,始曰福清。石晋天福中,又改曰南台,后复旧。宋因之。元元贞元年升为福清州。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。", "source uri" : "" }