{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40172", "sys_id" : "hvd_40172", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "閩縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "闽县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Min Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "948", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "5" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "26.07395", "longitude" : "119.32158", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "福建省福州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "948", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_32089", "name" : "福州", "transcribed" : "Fu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_32120", "name" : "福安府", "transcribed" : "Fu'an Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1367", "parent id" : "hvd_32118", "name" : "福州路", "transcribed" : "Fuzhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1368", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32116", "name" : "福州府", "transcribed" : "Fuzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137013", "name" : "东台", "transcribed" : "Dongtai" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137023", "name" : "东岐", "transcribed" : "Dongqi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137014", "name" : "义坊", "transcribed" : "Yifang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137020", "name" : "亭头", "transcribed" : "Tingtou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137012", "name" : "尚干", "transcribed" : "Shanggan" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137027", "name" : "林浦", "transcribed" : "Linpu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137018", "name" : "洋屿", "transcribed" : "Yangyu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137028", "name" : "浮岐", "transcribed" : "Fuqi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137019", "name" : "猴屿", "transcribed" : "Houyu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137015", "name" : "玉田", "transcribed" : "Yutian" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137022", "name" : "琅琦", "transcribed" : "Langqi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137017", "name" : "营前", "transcribed" : "Yingqian" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137007", "name" : "螺洲", "transcribed" : "Luo Zhou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137016", "name" : "赤屿", "transcribed" : "Chiyu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137024", "name" : "长安", "transcribed" : "Chang'an" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137025", "name" : "长柄", "transcribed" : "Changbing" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137021", "name" : "闽安", "transcribed" : "Min'an" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_137026", "name" : "魁岐", "transcribed" : "Kuiqi" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40171", "name" : "长乐县", "transcribed" : "Changle Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "闽县(948-1912年)治所
五代汉乾祐元年(948年),复改长乐为闽县1。初为福州治,宋景炎元年(1276年)为福安府治,元至元十五年(1278年)为福州路治,明、清为福州府治2。治所即今福建省福州市3。1913年废府并县,闽县与侯官合并为闽侯县4。
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1,《宋史》卷《宋89·地理五·福建路·福州:领县十二,首县“闽”、“侯官”。(北京,中华书局,1977年,7册,2207页)。清《嘉庆一统志》卷425·福州府一建置沿革:“五代初为王氏所据。唐天成元年,王延翰建闽国,长兴四年王延钧改长乐府。晋开运二年属南唐。汉乾祐元年属吴越,仍曰福州。---宋太平兴国三年仍曰福州长乐郡威武军,为福建路治。景炎元年升福安府。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。
2,《读史方舆纪要》卷96·福建二·福州府·闽县:“原丰,开皇十二年又改为闽县,自是州郡皆治此。五代唐长兴四年,王氏改为长乐县,清泰二年复旧。晋天福六年复曰长乐。吴越得之,仍曰闽县。宋因之。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,3978页)。《元史》卷62·地理五·福州路:“宋为福建路。元至元十五年,为福州路。”领县九,首县“闽”。(北京,中华书局,1976年,5册,1503-1504页)。
《明史》卷5·地理六·福建·福州府:“元福州路”属福建道。太祖吴元年为府。”领县九,首县“闽”。(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1122页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷425·福州府一·建置沿革:“闽县,附郭。明为福州府治。本朝因之。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,154册)。
3,县治以长乐县改名,长乐县治所在清·闽县。据牛平汉《清代政区沿革综表》福建省福州府(中国地图出版社,1990年,168页),闽县即今福建省福州市。
4,内政部编:《中华民国行政区域简表》福建省林森县:“旧福州府附郭闽县、候官两首县,民国二年三月裁府并县,二十二年五月仍分为闽县、候官两县,二十三年七月又并为闽侯县,三十二年十月改今名。”(商务印书馆,1947年,64页)。", "source uri" : "" }