{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40160", "sys_id" : "hvd_40160", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "候望縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "候望县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Houwang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "14", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "22", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.90242", "longitude" : "119.60508", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江长兴县西南泗安水库内", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "14", "end year" : "22", "parent id" : "hvd_32362", "name" : "丹阳郡", "transcribed" : "Danyang Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40159", "name" : "故鄣县", "transcribed" : "Guzhang Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "候望县(14—22年)治所

西汉末王莽天凤元年(14年)改故鄣县为候望县。①故治在今浙江长兴县西南泗安水库内。②刘玄更始无年(23年)复名故鄣。③


①《汉书》卷28上《地理志八上》:丹阳郡故鄣,“莽曰候望。”(第6册,1592页)
②《太平寰宇记》卷94湖州长兴县:“鄣郡故城即秦时鄣郡城,今俗号府头城是也。在县西南八十里。”新编《长兴县志》第1卷建置区划第2节历史集镇:“故鄣城:据清光绪年间四安镇巡检朱镇考:‘长兴县方山区十九庄有村城头上,故鄣县城。‘秦为鄣郡,汉孝景(前156)为故鄣县,隋开皇九年(589)入绥安,大业九年(613)筑四安城,故鄣之名亦即消失。魏王泰《括地志》云:‘故鄣城在长城(今长兴)西南八十里。’长兴城至四安城为六十九里,四安城至城头上为十一里,合计正是八十里,与《括地志》所述方位、距离同。本世纪60年代在城头上旧址修建泗安水库时,曾出土大量的古文物。”(39—40页,上海人民出版社,1992年)今定于长兴县西南泗安水库内。见《浙江省地图册》181幅(浙江省建设厅、浙江省测绘局编制,中华地图学社出版发行。1999年3月)《清嘉庆一统志》第103册,卷289《湖州府一·古迹》:“故鄣故城,在安吉县西北十五里。秦置鄣郡。汉废郡为故鄣县。属丹阳郡。三国吴分属吴兴郡。隋废。《通典》鄣郡故城在长城县西南八十里。今俗号府头。州志:在州西北一十五里。又有后府城,在州西北二十五里。相传孙权筑,皆明弘治初,自长兴割属本州。”其引《通典》所云与《寰宇记》正合。其引州志谓在安吉县(今安吉县安城镇)西北十五里,仍在安吉境内,不可从。
③据考证王莽改改制均在更始元年(23年)。", "source uri" : "" }