{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40144", "sys_id" : "hvd_40144", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "長興縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "长兴县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Changxing Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1369", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.01389", "longitude" : "119.90137", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江长兴县治", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1369", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32342", "name" : "湖州府", "transcribed" : "Huzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24106", "name" : "合溪镇", "transcribed" : "Hexizhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139360", "name" : "合溪镇", "transcribed" : "Hexizhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24101", "name" : "吕山", "transcribed" : "Lvshan" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139355", "name" : "吕山", "transcribed" : "Lvshan" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24110", "name" : "和平镇", "transcribed" : "Hepingzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139364", "name" : "和平镇", "transcribed" : "Hepingzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24113", "name" : "四安镇", "transcribed" : "Si'anzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139367", "name" : "四安镇", "transcribed" : "Si'anzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24218", "name" : "大雷山", "transcribed" : "Daleishan" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139471", "name" : "大雷山", "transcribed" : "Daleishan" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24100", "name" : "天平桥", "transcribed" : "Tianpingqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139354", "name" : "天平桥", "transcribed" : "Tianpingqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24108", "name" : "夹浦桥", "transcribed" : "Jiapuqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139362", "name" : "夹浦桥", "transcribed" : "Jiapuqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24112", "name" : "小溪桥", "transcribed" : "Xiaoxiqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139366", "name" : "小溪桥", "transcribed" : "Xiaoxiqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24102", "name" : "师姑冈", "transcribed" : "Shigugang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139356", "name" : "师姑冈", "transcribed" : "Shigugang" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24103", "name" : "枫树冈", "transcribed" : "Fengshugang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139357", "name" : "枫树冈", "transcribed" : "Fengshugang" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24105", "name" : "水口镇", "transcribed" : "Shuikouzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139359", "name" : "水口镇", "transcribed" : "Shuikouzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24107", "name" : "炉头镇", "transcribed" : "Lutouzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139361", "name" : "炉头镇", "transcribed" : "Lutouzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24109", "name" : "虹星桥", "transcribed" : "Hongxingqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139363", "name" : "虹星桥", "transcribed" : "Hongxingqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24099", "name" : "蠡塘桥", "transcribed" : "Litangqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139353", "name" : "蠡塘桥", "transcribed" : "Litangqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24104", "name" : "鸿桥", "transcribed" : "Hongqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139358", "name" : "鸿桥", "transcribed" : "Hongqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_24111", "name" : "黄山桥", "transcribed" : "Huangshanqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139365", "name" : "黄山桥", "transcribed" : "Huangshanqiao" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40143", "name" : "长兴州", "transcribed" : "Changxing Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "长兴县(1369—1911年)治所

明洪武二年(1369年)降长兴州为长兴县。属湖州府。①治所即今浙江长兴县治。②清因之。③1912年撤府留县,属浙江省。④


①《明史》卷44《地理志五》:湖州府长兴县:“元长兴州。太祖丁酉年三月改名长安州,壬寅年复曰长兴。洪武二年降为县。”(第4册,1106页)
②《清嘉庆一统志》第103册,卷289《湖州府一·城池》:“长兴县城,……明初筑。本朝雍正、乾隆中屡修。”
③《清嘉庆一统志》第103册,卷289《湖州府一·建置沿革》:“长兴县……明洪武二年,复改为长兴县,属湖州府。本朝因之。”《清史稿》卷65《地理志十二》:湖州府:“长兴,冲、难。府西北六十里。”(第8册,2133页)
④内政部编《中华民国行政区划简表》(16页,商务印书馆,1947年)。", "source uri" : "" }