{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40143", "sys_id" : "hvd_40143", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "長興州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "长兴州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Changxing Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "sub-prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1362", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1368", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.01389", "longitude" : "119.90137", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江长兴县治", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1362", "end year" : "1365", "parent id" : "hvd_32343", "name" : "湖州路", "transcribed" : "Huzhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1366", "end year" : "1368", "parent id" : "hvd_32342", "name" : "湖州府", "transcribed" : "Huzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40142", "name" : "长安州", "transcribed" : "Chang'an Zhou" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "长兴州(1362—1368年)治所

至正二十二年(1362年)复改长安州为长兴州。属湖州路。①治所即今浙江长兴县治。②至正二十六年(1366年)朱元璋改湖州路为湖州府。县属之。③明洪武二年(1369年)降为长兴县。④

①《元史》卷62《地理志五》湖州路:“上。唐改吴兴郡,又改湖州。宋改安吉州。至元十三年,升湖州路。”(第5册,1492页)“领司一、县五、州一。……长兴州,中。唐为绥州,又更名雉州,又为长城县。朱梁改曰长兴。宋因之。元元贞元年,升为州。”(1493页)《明史》卷44《地理志五》:湖州府长兴县:“元长兴州。太祖丁酉年三月改名长安州,壬寅年复曰长兴。洪武二年降为县。”丁酉年为元至正17年(1357年),壬寅年为至正22年(1362年)
②《清嘉庆一统志》第103册,卷289《湖州府一·城池》:“长兴县城,……明初筑。本朝雍正、乾隆中屡修。”
③《明史》卷44《地理志五》:湖州府:“元湖州路,属江浙行省。太祖丙午年十一月为府,直隶京师。……武康,府西南。”(第4册,1106页)按丙午年为至正二十六年(1366年)
④见①。", "source uri" : "" }