{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40141", "sys_id" : "hvd_40141", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "長興州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "长兴州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Changxing Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1295", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1356", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "31.01389", "longitude" : "119.90137", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江长兴县治", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1295", "end year" : "1356", "parent id" : "hvd_32343", "name" : "湖州路", "transcribed" : "Huzhou Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40140", "name" : "长兴县", "transcribed" : "Changxing Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "长兴州(1295—1356年)治所

元元贞元年(1295年)升长兴县为长兴州。属湖州路。①治所即今浙江长兴县治。②至正十七年(1357年)朱元璋改为长安州。③

①《元史》卷62《地理志五》湖州路:“上。唐改吴兴郡,又改湖州。宋改安吉州。至元十三年,升湖州路。”(第5册,1492页)“领司一、县五、州一。……长兴州,中。唐为绥州,又更名雉州,又为长城县。朱梁改曰长兴。宋因之。元元贞元年,升为州。”(1493页)
②新编《长兴县志》第1卷第一章第三节县治:“晋太康三年(282)建城于富坡乡,在今县城东南20公里(李家巷一带)。咸康三年(337)县治迁溪(箬溪)北,在今县城东2里(在钮店湾附近)。唐武德七年(624)农民起义领袖辅公祏将县治移置今址,辇土为城,古城遗址今仍可见。”(13页,上海人民出版社,1992年)
③《明史》卷44《地理志五》:湖州府长兴县:“元长兴州。太祖丁酉年三月改名长安州,壬寅年复曰长兴。洪武二年降为县。”丁酉年为元至正17年(1357年),壬寅年为至正22年(1362年)", "source uri" : "" }