{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40128", "sys_id" : "hvd_40128", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "歸安縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "归安县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Gui'an Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "982", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.86496", "longitude" : "120.09931", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江湖州市治", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "982", "end year" : "1225", "parent id" : "hvd_32341", "name" : "湖州", "transcribed" : "Hu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1226", "end year" : "1275", "parent id" : "hvd_32330", "name" : "安吉州", "transcribed" : "Anji Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1276", "end year" : "1365", "parent id" : "hvd_32343", "name" : "湖州路", "transcribed" : "Huzhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1366", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32342", "name" : "湖州府", "transcribed" : "Huzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23989", "name" : "东林市", "transcribed" : "Donglinshi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139243", "name" : "东林市", "transcribed" : "Donglinshi" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23990", "name" : "千金墟", "transcribed" : "Qianjinxu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139244", "name" : "千金墟", "transcribed" : "Qianjinxu" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23994", "name" : "双林镇", "transcribed" : "Shuanglinzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139248", "name" : "双林镇", "transcribed" : "Shuanglinzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23991", "name" : "含山", "transcribed" : "Hanshan" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139245", "name" : "含山", "transcribed" : "Hanshan" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23996", "name" : "善连镇", "transcribed" : "Shanlianzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139250", "name" : "善连镇", "transcribed" : "Shanlianzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23999", "name" : "埭溪市", "transcribed" : "Daixishi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139253", "name" : "埭溪市", "transcribed" : "Daixishi" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23987", "name" : "姚坞关", "transcribed" : "Yaowuguan" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139241", "name" : "姚坞关", "transcribed" : "Yaowuguan" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23988", "name" : "思溪村", "transcribed" : "Sixicun" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139242", "name" : "思溪村", "transcribed" : "Sixicun" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23998", "name" : "荻冈镇", "transcribed" : "Digangzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139252", "name" : "荻冈镇", "transcribed" : "Digangzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23997", "name" : "菱湖镇", "transcribed" : "Linghuzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139251", "name" : "菱湖镇", "transcribed" : "Linghuzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23995", "name" : "连市镇", "transcribed" : "Lianshizhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139249", "name" : "连市镇", "transcribed" : "Lianshizhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23993", "name" : "重兆市", "transcribed" : "Zhongzhaoshi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139247", "name" : "重兆市", "transcribed" : "Zhongzhaoshi" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23992", "name" : "长超市", "transcribed" : "Changchaoshi" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_139246", "name" : "长超市", "transcribed" : "Changchaoshi" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "归安县(982—1911年)治所

宋太平兴国七年(982年)分乌程县地置归安县。与乌程县同为湖州治。①治所即今浙江湖州市治。②南宋宝庆二年(1226年)改湖州为安吉州,县与乌程县同为州治。③元至元十三年(1276年)升安吉州为湖州路。县与乌程县同为路治。④至正二十六年(1366年)朱元璋改湖州路为湖州府。县与乌程县同为府治。⑤清因之。⑥1912年乌程、归安两县合并,改名吴兴县。属浙江省。⑦


①《太平寰宇记》卷94湖州归安县:“本乌程县地。皇朝太平兴国七年分置归安县,居郭下。”(光绪金陵书局本)《宋史》卷88《地理志四》:湖州“归安县:望。太平兴国七年,析乌程地置县。”(第7册,2175页)
②见乌程县(405-1911年)条①。
③《宋史》卷88《地理志四》:“湖州,上。……宝庆元年,改安吉州。……县六:乌程,望。”(第7册,2175页)《舆地纪胜》卷4《两浙西路》安吉州:“宝庆二年从臣集议,请改湖州为安吉州。今领县六,治乌程、归安两县。”(中华书局影印惧盈斋本,第1册,209页)按当议成于宝庆元年(1225年),正式设置于二年(1226年)
④《元史》卷62《地理志五》湖州路:“上。唐改吴兴郡,又改湖州。宋改安吉州。至元十三年,升湖州路。”(第5册,1492页)“乌程,上。归安,上。与乌程皆为倚郭。”(1493页)
⑤《明史》卷44《地理志五》:湖州府:“元湖州路,属江浙行省。太祖丙午年十一月为府,直隶京师。……乌程,倚。……归客观存在,倚。”(第4册,1105页)按丙午年为至正二十六年(1366年)
⑥《清嘉庆一统志》第103册,卷289《湖州府一·建置沿革》:“元为湖州路治。明为湖州府治。本朝因之。……归安县,附郭。”《清史稿》卷65《地理志十二》:湖州府:“乌程,繁、疲、难。倚。……归安,繁、疲、难。倚。”(第8册,2132页)
⑦内政部编《中华民国行政区划简表》(16页,商务印书馆,1947年)。", "source uri" : "" }