{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40081", "sys_id" : "hvd_40081", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "仁和縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "仁和县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Renhe Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "979", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1911", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.29412", "longitude" : "120.16862", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江杭州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "979", "end year" : "1128", "parent id" : "hvd_32336", "name" : "杭州", "transcribed" : "Hang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1129", "end year" : "1277", "parent id" : "hvd_32344", "name" : "临安府", "transcribed" : "Lin'an Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1278", "end year" : "1365", "parent id" : "hvd_32338", "name" : "杭州路", "transcribed" : "Hangzhou Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1366", "end year" : "1911", "parent id" : "hvd_32337", "name" : "杭州府", "transcribed" : "Hangzhou Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23452", "name" : "临平镇", "transcribed" : "Linpingzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138709", "name" : "临平镇", "transcribed" : "Linpingzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23459", "name" : "五杭", "transcribed" : "Wuhang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138716", "name" : "五杭", "transcribed" : "Wuhang" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23462", "name" : "北新关", "transcribed" : "Beixinguan" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138719", "name" : "北新关", "transcribed" : "Beixinguan" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23458", "name" : "博陆", "transcribed" : "Bolu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138715", "name" : "博陆", "transcribed" : "Bolu" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23461", "name" : "太平", "transcribed" : "Taiping" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138718", "name" : "太平", "transcribed" : "Taiping" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23463", "name" : "奉口", "transcribed" : "Fengkou" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138720", "name" : "奉口", "transcribed" : "Fengkou" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23456", "name" : "彭家埠", "transcribed" : "Pengjiabu" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138713", "name" : "彭家埠", "transcribed" : "Pengjiabu" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23454", "name" : "方家", "transcribed" : "Fangjia" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138711", "name" : "方家", "transcribed" : "Fangjia" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23457", "name" : "横塘", "transcribed" : "Hengtang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138714", "name" : "横塘", "transcribed" : "Hengtang" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23453", "name" : "汤镇", "transcribed" : "Tangzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138710", "name" : "汤镇", "transcribed" : "Tangzhen" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23460", "name" : "石塘", "transcribed" : "Shitang" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138717", "name" : "石塘", "transcribed" : "Shitang" }, { "begin_year" : "1820", "end_year" : "1820", "child id" : "hvd_23455", "name" : "笕桥", "transcribed" : "Jianqiao" }, { "begin_year" : "1911", "end_year" : "1911", "child id" : "hvd_138712", "name" : "笕桥", "transcribed" : "Jianqiao" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40080", "name" : "钱江县", "transcribed" : "Qianjiang Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "仁和县(979—1912年)治所


宋太平兴国四年(979年)改钱江县为仁和县。与钱塘县同为杭州治。南宋建炎三年(1129年)改杭州为临安府,与钱塘县同为府治。①治所在今浙江杭州市城区。②元至元十三年(1276年)地入元。十五年(1278年)改临安府为杭州路,与钱塘县为路治。③元至正二十六年(1366年)朱元璋改杭州路为杭州府。县为府治。④清代因之。⑤1912年废府,钱塘、仁和两县合并为为杭县,直属浙江省。⑥


①《宋史》卷88《地理志四》临安府仁和县:“梁钱江县,太平兴国四年改。”(第7册,2174页)《舆地纪胜》卷2《临安府·县沿革》:“仁和县,望。倚郭。《临安志》云:本钱塘、盐官二县之地。钱武肃王始割二县置钱江县。时朱梁龙德二年也。《国朝会要》云:太平兴国三年钱氏纳土。四年改名仁和,与钱塘分治城下。”(中华书局影印本,1992年版,81页)《宋史》卷88《地理志四》两浙路临安府:“本杭州……建炎元年带本路安抚使,领杭、湖、严、秀四州。三年,升为府。”(第7册,2174页)
②《咸淳临安志》卷54《官寺三》:“仁和县,县治旧在余杭门里梅家桥西(今北省仓)。绍兴三年县令孙延直徙於招贤坊。”阙维民《杭州城池暨西湖历史图说》:“因行宫治凤凰山麓原州治,故临安府署经多次迁治,最后徙治于清波门之北,以奉国尼寺(即净因寺)故址创建。同时于南宋初迁钱塘县治于纪家桥之西华严寺故基;迁仁和县治于招贤坊(今凤起路与中山路交叉口西南的原慎安里、全德里)。”(30页)
③《元史》卷62《地理志五》杭州路:“元至元十三年,平江南,立两浙都督府,又改为安抚司。十五年,改为杭州路总管府。”“钱塘,上。仁和,上。与钱塘分治城下。”(第5册,1492页)
④《明史》卷44《地理志五》:“杭州府,元杭州路,属江浙行省。太祖丙午十一月为府。”(第4册,1101页)太祖丙午为至正二十六年,公元1366年。杭州府,钱塘、仁和县均为倚郭。(第4册,1101页)
⑤《清嘉庆一统志》第100册,卷283《杭州府一·建置沿革》:钱塘县“明属杭州府。本朝因之。”《清史稿》卷65《地理志十二》:杭州府倚郭钱塘、仁和二县。(第8册,2128页)
⑥内政部编《中华民国行政区划简表》,16页,商务印书馆,1947年。", "source uri" : "" }