{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40076", "sys_id" : "hvd_40076", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "錢唐縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "钱唐县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Qiantang Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-222", "begin rule" : "2", "end" : "13", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.29412", "longitude" : "120.16862", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江杭州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-222", "end year" : "13", "parent id" : "hvd_32052", "name" : "会稽郡", "transcribed" : "Guiji Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "钱唐县(前223—13年)治所

秦王政二十五年(前222年)置,属会稽郡。①故治在今浙江杭州市西湖西岳坟至灵隐一带。②西汉时为会稽郡西部都尉治。王莽天凤元年(14年)改名泉亭。③



①《史记》卷6《秦始皇本纪》:“三十七年十月癸丑,始皇出游。……至钱唐,临浙江。”(第1册,260页)知此前已有钱唐县。确置于何时无考。《史记》卷6《秦始皇本纪》:“二十五年,……王翦遂定荆江南地,降越君,置会稽郡。”县初置定于是年。
②《水经》卷40《渐江水注》:“浙江又东迳灵隐山,……山下有钱唐故县,浙江经其南,王莽更名之曰泉亭。”(《水经注疏》本,下册,3296—3296页)《元和郡县志》卷25《江南道一》:杭州:“钱塘县,本汉县也。……《钱唐记》:昔州境逼近海,县理灵隐山下。今余址犹存。”(下册,603页)《太平寰宇记》卷93钱塘县:“刘道真《钱塘记》:昔一境逼近江流,县在灵山下,至今基址犹在。”今人多认为秦汉钱唐县在今杭州市西湖以西、北至岳坟西去灵隐一带。(见谭其骧《杭州都市发展之经过》,《长水集》上册,人民出版社,1987年;林华东《钱唐故址考辨》,刊《浙江学刊》,1987年3期;吴维棠《杭州的几个地理变迁问题》,刊《历史地理》第五辑)有人认为秦汉钱唐县在今杭州西南围绕凌(家)桥—转塘—龙坞—中村的地域范围之内。(奚柳芳《钱唐故址考》,《学术月刊》1985年5期)然多数学者不认同。
③《汉书》卷28上《地理志上》:会稽郡“钱唐,西部都尉治。……莽曰泉亭。”(第6册,1591页)", "source uri" : "" }