{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40074", "sys_id" : "hvd_40074", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "海鹽州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "海盐州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Haiyan Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "1295", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1368", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.51786", "longitude" : "120.93202", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江海盐县治", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "1295", "end year" : "1365", "parent id" : "hvd_32091", "name" : "嘉兴路", "transcribed" : "Jiaxing Lu" }, { "begin year" : "1366", "end year" : "1368", "parent id" : "hvd_32081", "name" : "嘉兴府", "transcribed" : "Jiaxing Fu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40073", "name" : "海盐县", "transcribed" : "Haiyan Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "海盐州(1295—1368年)治所

元元贞元年(1295年)升为海盐县为海盐州。属嘉兴路。①元至正二十六年(1366年)朱元璋改嘉兴路为嘉兴府,州属之。②治所即今浙江海盐县。③洪武二年(1369年)降为县。④


①《元史》卷62《地理志五》:嘉兴路:“海盐州,中,唐为县,宋因之。元元贞元年升州。”(第5册,1493页)
②《明史》卷44《地理志五》:嘉兴府“太祖丙午年十一月为府,直隶京师。十四年十一月改隶浙江。”同卷海盐县“元海盐州。洪武二年降为县。”(第4册,1103—1104页)丙午年即元至正二十六年。
③谭其骧《海盐县的建置沿革、县治迁移和辖境变迁》:“《旧唐书地理志》:“海盐,开元五年复置,治吴御城。”《纪要》:“今县城相传即开元中筑。”盖东晋南朝县治在马嗥城,隋废县后城遂荒圮,至唐开元中复置县,始筑吴御城以为治,即今县治。《纪要》、《清统志》皆有吴御即马嗥之说,殆非。二城虽相去甚近,但非一城。惟马嗥故址今已堙灭。”(《长水集续编》,281页,人民出版社,1994年)
④见②。", "source uri" : "" }