{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40073", "sys_id" : "hvd_40073", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "海鹽縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "海盐县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Haiyan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "717", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "1294", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.51786", "longitude" : "120.93202", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江海盐县治", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "717", "end year" : "741", "parent id" : "hvd_32069", "name" : "苏州", "transcribed" : "Su Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "742", "end year" : "757", "parent id" : "hvd_32070", "name" : "吴郡", "transcribed" : "Wu Jun" }, { "begin year" : "758", "end year" : "938", "parent id" : "hvd_32071", "name" : "苏州", "transcribed" : "Su Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "939", "end year" : "1194", "parent id" : "hvd_32444", "name" : "秀州", "transcribed" : "Xiu Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "1195", "end year" : "1276", "parent id" : "hvd_32090", "name" : "嘉兴府", "transcribed" : "Jiaxing Fu" }, { "begin year" : "1277", "end year" : "1294", "parent id" : "hvd_32091", "name" : "嘉兴路", "transcribed" : "Jiaxing Lu" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "海盐县(717—1294年)治所

唐开元五年(717年)复置海盐县。属苏州。天宝元年(742年)改属吴郡。乾元元年(758年)复属苏州。①治所即今浙江海盐县治。②五代晋天福四年(939年)於嘉兴县置秀州,海盐县属之。北宋因之。南宋庆元元年(1195年)属嘉兴府。③元元贞元年(1295年)升为州。属嘉兴路。④

①《旧唐书》卷40《地理志三》:苏州:“天宝元年改为吴郡。乾元元年复为苏州。”同卷海盐县:“汉县,属会稽郡。久废。景云二年,分嘉兴县复置。先天元年,复废。开元五年复置,治吴御城。”(第5册,1587页)《元和郡县志》卷25《江南道一》:苏州海盐县:“隋天皇九年废县,北属杭州,武德七年地入嘉兴。开元五年刺史张廷珪又奏置。”(下册,601页)
②谭其骧《海盐县的建置沿革、县治迁移和辖境变迁》:“《旧唐书·地理志》:“海盐,开元五年复置,治吴御城。”《纪要》:“今县城相传即开元中筑。”盖东晋南朝县治在马嗥城,隋废县后城遂荒圮,至唐开元中复置县,始筑吴御城以为治,即今县治。《纪要》、《清统志》皆有吴御即马嗥之说,殆非。二城虽相去甚近,但非一城。惟马嗥故址今已堙灭。”(《长水集续编》,281页,人民出版社,1994年)
③《太平寰宇记》卷95秀州:“本苏州嘉兴县地。晋天福四年於此置秀州,从两浙钱元瓘之所请也。仍割喜兴、海盐、华亭三县,并置崇德县以属焉。”(光绪金陵书局本)《宋史》卷88《地理志四》:嘉兴府:“本秀州,军事。……庆元元年,以孝宗所生之地,升府。”嘉兴府领海盐县(第7册,2177页)
④《元史》卷62《地理志五》:嘉兴路:“海盐州,中,唐为县,宋因之。元元贞元年升州。”(第5册,1493页)", "source uri" : "" }