{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40069", "sys_id" : "hvd_40069", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "海鹽縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "海盐县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Haiyan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "23", "begin rule" : "3", "end" : "126", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.70422", "longitude" : "121.01234", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江平湖市东东湖", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "23", "end year" : "126", "parent id" : "hvd_32052", "name" : "会稽郡", "transcribed" : "Guiji Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40068", "name" : "展武县", "transcribed" : "Zhanwu Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "海盐县(23—126年)治所

王莽末刘玄更始元年(23年)复改展武县为海盐县,仍属会稽郡。①治所在今浙江平湖市东东湖。②东汉永建二年(127年)移治今平湖市东南益山旁。③


①据考证,王莽改名后复名在更始元年。
②谭其骧《海盐县的建置沿革、县治迁移和辖境变迁》:“《续汉书·郡国志》吴郡海盐刘昭注‘案今计偕簿,县之故治,顺帝时陷而为湖,今谓之当湖;大旱湖竭,城郭之处可识。’《水经·沔水注》:‘汉安帝时武原之地又沦为湖,今之当湖也。后乃移此。’‘安帝’乃顺帝之误。《方舆纪要》引《吴地记》作顺帝永建二年,当是。”“当湖,《舆地纪胜》谓‘海盐县北六十里,周四十里。’《方舆纪要》谓‘在平湖县东门外,周四十余里,一名鹦鹉湖,俗呼东湖,即后汉时海盐县陷处。’《宋史·河渠志》为秀州四湖之一。盖亦犹柘湖宋后日渐淤淀。今地图平湖县东门外有东湖,其东北又有湖作园圈形周十余里,殆其遗迹。”(《长水集续编》,280页,人民出版社,1994年)
③谭其骧《海盐县的建置沿革、县治迁移和辖境变迁》:“《水经·沔水注》:‘汉安帝时武原之地又沦为湖,今之当湖也。后乃移此。’‘安帝’乃顺帝之误。《方舆纪要》引《吴地记》作顺帝永建二年,当是。……上引《水经·沔水注》‘后乃移此’之‘此’,当指东汉永建以后治所。《元和郡县志》亦谓‘海盐本秦县,汉因之。其后县城陷为柘湖,移治武原乡;后又陷为当湖,移置山旁’。不言何山。《舆地纪胜》‘故邑山在海盐东北三十五里。《舆地记》云,山下有城,汉安帝二十年(此纪年亦误)海盐沦陷为湖,移于山旁。’《清统志》引《旧志》:‘故邑城在故邑山下,后汉永建二年移县治于此。’《纪要》:‘故邑城在平湖县东南三十七里故邑山下。顺帝时海盐沦没为湖,移治于此。后复徙马嗥城,以此尝为邑治,故曰故邑。’盖县治移此时山本无名,其后县治又他移,遂呼此故县治故邑城,城旁之山为故邑山也。故邑城、故邑山之名皆起于晋咸康移治之后,惟县今所记载则始於《纪胜》。故邑山疑即今地图上之益山;故邑省称邑,又讹邑为益也。《清统志》故邑山在平湖县东南二十七里,与益山道里略符。二十七《纪要》作三十七,‘三’殆‘二’之字误。”(《长水集续编》,280—281页,人民出版社,1994年)益山见《浙江省地图册》第15幅(地图出版社,1981年9月第1版)", "source uri" : "" }