{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40067", "sys_id" : "hvd_40067", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "海鹽縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "海盐县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Haiyan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-179", "begin rule" : "2", "end" : "13", "end rule" : "3" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.70422", "longitude" : "121.01234", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江平湖市东东湖", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-179", "end year" : "13", "parent id" : "hvd_32052", "name" : "会稽郡", "transcribed" : "Guiji Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40066", "name" : "海盐县", "transcribed" : "Haiyan Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "海盐县(前179—13年)治所

汉文帝元年(前179年)海盐县沦于湖,迁治武原乡。属会稽郡。①故治在今浙江平湖市东东湖。②王莽天凤元年(14年)改名展武县。③


①谭其骧《海盐县的建置沿革、县治迁移和辖境变迁》:“秦县后沦入柘湖,见《水经·沔水注》、《元和郡县志》;亦见《初学记》卷七‘湖’引《吴越春秋》,而误柘为招。皆不及沦没与徙于何时。按《汉书·地理志》‘海盐,故武原乡’,则秦县之沦没与徙治,并当在西汉末年《汉志》所据元始二年簿籍以前。”(《长水集续编》,279页,人民出版社,1994年)具体年无考。《汉书》卷27下之上《五行志七下之上》:“文帝元年四月,齐楚地山二十九所同日俱大水发水,溃出,刘向以为近水沴土也。……汉七国同日众山溃,咸被其害,不畏天威之明效也。”(第5册,1457页)姑作此年沦为湖而迁治武原乡。
②谭其骧《海盐县的建置沿革、县治迁移和辖境变迁》:“《续汉书·郡国志》吴郡海盐刘昭注‘案今计偕簿,县之故治,顺帝时陷而为湖,今谓之当湖;大旱湖竭,城郭之处可识。’《水经·沔水注》:‘汉安帝时武原之地又沦为湖,今之当湖也。后乃移此。’‘安帝’乃顺帝之误。《方舆纪要》引《吴地记》作顺帝永建二年,当是。”“当湖,《舆地纪胜》谓‘海盐县北六十里,周四十里。’《方舆纪要》谓‘在平湖县东门外,周四十余里,一名鹦鹉湖,俗呼东湖,即后汉时海盐县陷处。’《宋史·河渠志》为秀州四湖之一。盖亦犹柘湖宋后日渐淤淀。今地图平湖县东门外有东湖,其东北又有湖作园圈形周十余里,殆其遗迹。”(《长水集续编》,280页,人民出版社,1994年)
③据考证,王莽改名多在天凤元年。", "source uri" : "" }