{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40053", "sys_id" : "hvd_40053", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "禾興縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "禾兴县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Hexing Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "231", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "241", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.74534", "longitude" : "120.75313", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江嘉兴市南五里", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "231", "end year" : "241", "parent id" : "hvd_32054", "name" : "吴郡", "transcribed" : "Wu Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_40052", "name" : "由拳县", "transcribed" : "Youquan Xian" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "禾兴县(231—241年)治所

三国吴黄龙三年(231年)改由拳县为禾兴县。属吴郡。①治所在今浙江嘉兴市南五里。②赤乌五年(242年)改名嘉兴。③


①《三国志》卷47《吴主传》:黄龙三年:“由拳野稻自生,改为禾兴县。”(第5册,1136页)《太平寰宇记》卷95秀州嘉兴县:“吴大帝黄龙三年嘉禾生于由拳县,改名禾兴。”(光绪金陵书局本)
②《太平寰宇记》卷95秀州嘉兴县:“故由拳县在今县南五里。”(光绪金陵书局本)《清嘉庆一统志》第102册,卷287《嘉兴府一·古迹》:“由拳故城,在嘉兴县南。……《寰宇记》:故由拳县,在今嘉兴县南五里。《旧志》:自唐乾宁三年,镇将曹信改城嘉兴,而故迹益湮。五代钱元瓘拓秀州罗城,周十二里。元至正十六年张士诚复营筑未就。明出,始竟其役,即今城也。”自秦至唐末均治于今嘉兴南五里,唐乾宁三年始迁今治。
③《三国志》卷47《吴主传》:赤乌五年“改禾兴为嘉兴。”(第5册,1145页)", "source uri" : "" }