{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_40052", "sys_id" : "hvd_40052", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "由拳縣", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "由拳县", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Youquan Xian", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "县", "alternate name" : "縣", "transcription" : "xian", "English" : "county" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-222", "begin rule" : "2", "end" : "230", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "30.74534", "longitude" : "120.75313", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "今浙江嘉兴市南五里", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-222", "end year" : "128", "parent id" : "hvd_32052", "name" : "会稽郡", "transcribed" : "Guiji Jun" }, { "begin year" : "129", "end year" : "230", "parent id" : "hvd_32054", "name" : "吴郡", "transcribed" : "Wu Jun" } ], "subordinate units" : [ ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "由拳县(前222—公元230年)治所

秦王政二十五年(前222年)置,属会稽郡。西汉因之。①治所在今浙江嘉兴市南五里。②东汉永建四年(129年)属吴郡。③三国吴黄龙三年(231年)改名禾兴。④


①《水经》卷29《沔水注》:“谷水出吴小湖,迳由拳县故城下。《神异记》曰:由拳县,秦时长水县也。……《吴记》曰:谷中有城,故由拳县治也,即吴之柴辟亭,故就李乡檇李之守,秦始皇恶其势主,令囚徒十余万人汙其土,表以汙恶名,改曰囚卷,亦曰由卷也。”(《水经注疏》本,下册,2448页)史念海《秦县考》:由卷:“诸书所云,颇涉荒诞,而由拳、囚卷、由倦诸名,又各不同,《地理志》著为由拳,当依以为正。”(《禹贡半月刊》第七卷,第六七合期,306页)由拳县为秦置无疑,然置于何年无考。《史记》卷6《秦始皇本纪》:“二十五年,……王翦遂定荆江南地,降越君,置会稽郡。”(第1册,234页)今定为置会稽郡时同置。《汉书》卷28上《地理志上》:会稽郡领由拳县。(第6册,1591页)
②《太平寰宇记》卷95秀州嘉兴县:“故由拳县在今县南五里。”(光绪金陵书局本)《清嘉庆一统志》第102册,卷287《嘉兴府一·古迹》:“由拳故城,在嘉兴县南。……《寰宇记》:故由拳县,在今嘉兴县南五里。《旧志》:自唐乾宁三年,镇将曹信改城嘉兴,而故迹益湮。五代钱元瓘拓秀州罗城,周十二里。元至正十六年张士诚复营筑未就。明出,始竟其役,即今城也。”自秦至唐末均治于今嘉兴南五里,唐乾宁三年始迁今治。
③《后汉书》卷6《顺帝纪》:永建四年“是岁,分会稽为吴郡。”(第2册,257页)《后汉书》志卷22《郡国志四》吴郡领由拳县。(第12册,3489页)
④《太平寰宇记》卷95秀州嘉兴县:“吴大帝黄龙三年嘉禾生于由拳县,改名禾兴。”(光绪金陵书局本)", "source uri" : "" }