{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34276", "sys_id" : "hvd_34276", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "珠崖郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "珠崖郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Zhuya Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "610", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "620", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.87723", "longitude" : "110.42311", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省琼山县东南谭莲村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "610", "end year" : "620", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "610", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42448", "name" : "武德县", "transcribed" : "Wude Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "610", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42456", "name" : "澄迈县", "transcribed" : "Chengmai Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "610", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42453", "name" : "舍城县", "transcribed" : "Shecheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "610", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42495", "name" : "陵水县", "transcribed" : "Lingshui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "610", "end_year" : "620", "child id" : "hvd_42649", "name" : "颜卢县", "transcribed" : "Yanlu Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34151", "name" : "珠崖郡", "transcribed" : "Zhuya Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "珠崖郡(610-620年)治所和界线

隋大业六年(610年)分珠崖郡为珠崖、儋耳、临振三郡(1)。珠崖郡领舍城、平昌、澄迈、颜罗、临机等县。郡治舍城县,治所即今海南省琼山县东南谭莲村。辖境相当今海南省海口市、琼山县、文昌县、澄迈县,和屯昌县、临高县东英、波莲以东地区、定安县、琼海县、琼中县、万宁县、陵水县,以及通什市(毛道地区除外),保宁县毛感、三道以北地区(2)。唐武德四年(621年),改为崖州(3)。

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(1),《隋书》卷31?地理下?珠崖郡:“梁置崖州。统县十:义伦,带郡;感恩;颜卢;毗善;昌化;吉安;延德;宁远;澄迈;武德。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,883页)。
《舆地纪胜》卷120?广南西路?琼州:据《元和志》,隋大业六年分珠崖郡置儋耳、临振二郡。按:《隋志》珠崖郡统十县,治义伦,无舍城县。当是大业六年分设儋耳、临振二郡时,另设舍城县为珠崖郡治。古迹?废舍城县:“《寰宇记》云,本隋旧县。《元和郡县志》大业六年置。《舆地广记》云,武德四年于此立崖州,开宝五年州(废)属琼州,熙宁四年省入琼山。”(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3573页)。
《舆地纪胜》卷125?广南西路?昌化军:据《隋志》、《唐志》、《元和志》、《琼管志》云,梁置崖州,隋即宜伦县为珠崖郡治,炀帝分珠崖置儋耳,义伦县为儋耳郡治,唐武德五年改置儋州,治义伦。(北京,中华书局,1992年,4册,3584页)。
《读史方舆纪要》卷105?广东?琼州府?儋州;“萧梁置崖州及珠崖郡,隋初为崖州,大业初复为珠崖郡。”“宜伦废县,今州治。梁置义伦县,为珠崖郡治,隋因之,唐为儋州治,宋太平兴国初,避讳改曰宜伦,仍为州治,熙宁中为昌化军治,绍兴中又为南宁军治,元因之,明废。”(北京,中华书局,1955年,5册,4329页)。
据此,作梁中大同元年废朱庐县(侨治徐闻县),于海南置崖州珠崖郡时,设义伦县为崖州珠崖郡治。隋开皇十年废珠崖郡,以义伦县为崖州治,大业三年州废为珠崖郡,义伦县仍为郡治,六年分珠崖郡置儋耳、珠崖、临振三郡,义伦县为儋耳郡治。
(2),据所领新旧县治故址,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今海南省海口市、琼山县、文昌县、澄迈县,和屯昌县、临高县东英、波莲以东地区、定安县、琼海县、琼中县、万宁县、陵水县,以及通什市(毛道地区除外),保宁县毛感、三道以北地区。
(3),《旧唐书》卷41?岭南道?崖州:“隋珠崖郡。武德四年平萧铣置崖州,领舍城、平昌、澄迈、颜罗、临机五县。贞观元年置都督府,督崖、儋、振三州。其年,改颜罗为彦城,平昌为文昌。…天宝元年改为珠崖郡,乾元元年复为崖州。”舍城县:“州所治。隋县。”(北京,中华书局,1975年,5册,1761页)。", "source uri" : "" }