{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34273", "sys_id" : "hvd_34273", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "珠崖郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "珠崖郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Zhuya Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-110", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "-46", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.93827", "longitude" : "110.49837", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省琼山县东南谭康村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-110", "end year" : "-46", "parent id" : "hvd_113652", "name" : "西汉", "transcribed" : "Xihan" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "-46", "end_year" : "-46", "child id" : "hvd_42443", "name" : "朱庐县", "transcribed" : "Zhulu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-110", "end_year" : "-47", "child id" : "hvd_42442", "name" : "瞫都县", "transcribed" : "Bingdu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-110", "end_year" : "-47", "child id" : "hvd_42452", "name" : "紫贝县", "transcribed" : "Zibei Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-110", "end_year" : "-47", "child id" : "hvd_42518", "name" : "苟中县", "transcribed" : "Gouzhong Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "珠崖郡(前110-前46年)治所

汉武帝元封元年(前110年)置(1)。领瞫都、紫贝、苟中等县。郡治瞫都县,治所即今海南省琼山县东南谭康村。辖境相当今海南省东半部地区(2)。始元五年(前82年),废儋耳郡来属,境域扩大。初元三年(前46年)废(3)。

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(1),《汉书》卷6?武帝纪:元鼎六年冬十月平西羌。“春,至汲新中乡,得吕嘉首,以为获嘉县。驰义侯遗兵未及下,上便令征西南夷,平之。遂定越地,以为南海、苍梧、郁林、合浦、交址、九真、日南、珠崖、儋耳郡。”臣瓒注:“《茂陵书》珠崖郡治瞫都,去长安七千三百一十四里。儋耳去长安七千三百六十八里,领县五。”(北京,中华书局,1964年,1册,188页)。则儋耳、珠崖,武帝元封元年置。《晋书》作元封中置,是。
《汉书》卷28上?地理志:南海郡,郁林郡,苍梧郡,交趾郡,合浦郡,九真郡,日南郡:“武帝元鼎六年开。”卷95?南粤传:元鼎六年冬,“南粤已平。遂以其地为儋耳、珠崖、南海、苍梧、郁林、合浦、交趾、九真、日南九郡。”(北京,中华书局,1962年,6册,1594-1630页,11册,3895页)。
(2),据所领县故址及其后政区变迁和《一统志》广东琼州府各县沿革,辖境相当今海南省东半部地区。
(3),见注(1)。又《汉书》卷9?元帝纪:初元三年春,“朱崖郡山南县反,博谋群臣。待诏贾捐之以为宜弃朱崖,救民饥馑。乃罢朱崖。”(北京,中华书局,1964年,1册,283页)。", "source uri" : "" }