{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34272", "sys_id" : "hvd_34272", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "儋耳郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "儋耳郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Dan'er Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-110", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "-83", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "19.81414", "longitude" : "109.20699", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "海南省儋县西北湳滩村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-110", "end year" : "-83", "parent id" : "hvd_113652", "name" : "西汉", "transcribed" : "Xihan" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "-110", "end_year" : "-83", "child id" : "hvd_42521", "name" : "临振县", "transcribed" : "Linzhen Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-110", "end_year" : "-83", "child id" : "hvd_42517", "name" : "九龙县", "transcribed" : "Jiulong Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-110", "end_year" : "-83", "child id" : "hvd_42520", "name" : "儋耳县", "transcribed" : "Dan'er Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-110", "end_year" : "-83", "child id" : "hvd_42519", "name" : "至来县", "transcribed" : "Zhilai Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "儋耳郡(前110-前83年)治所和界线

汉武帝元封元年(前110年)置(1)。领儋耳、至来、临振、九龙等县。郡治儋耳县,治所即今海南省儋县西北湳滩村。辖境相当今海南省西半部地区(2)。始元五年(前82年),废入珠崖郡(3)。

————————————————————
(1),《汉书》卷6?武帝纪:元鼎六年冬十月平西羌。“春,至汲新中乡,得吕嘉首,以为获嘉县。驰义侯遗兵未及下,上便令征西南夷,平之。遂定越地,以为南海、苍梧、郁林、合浦、交址、九真、日南、珠崖、儋耳郡。”臣瓒注:“《茂陵书》珠崖郡治瞫都,去长安七千三百一十四里。儋耳去长安七千三百六十八里,领县五。”(北京,中华书局,1964年,1册,188页)。则儋耳、珠崖,武帝元封元年置。《晋书》作元封中置,是。
《汉书》卷28上?地理志:南海郡,郁林郡,苍梧郡,交趾郡,合浦郡,九真郡,日南郡:“武帝元鼎六年开。”卷95?南粤传:元鼎六年冬,“南粤已平。遂以其地为儋耳、珠崖、南海、苍梧、郁林、合浦、交趾、九真、日南九郡。”(北京,中华书局,1962年,6册,1594-1630页,11册,3895页)。
(2),据所领县故址及其后政区变迁和《一统志》广东琼州府各县沿革,辖境相当今海南省西半部地区。
(3),《晋书》卷15?地理下?交州:“武帝元鼎六年,讨平吕嘉,以其地为南海、苍梧、郁林、合浦、日南、九真七郡,盖秦时三郡之地。元封中,又置儋耳、珠崖二郡,置交趾刺史以督之。昭帝始元五年,罢儋耳并珠崖。元帝初元三年,又罢珠崖郡。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,465页)。", "source uri" : "" }