{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34267", "sys_id" : "hvd_34267", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "齊康郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "齐康郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Qikang Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "502", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "589", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "20.26113", "longitude" : "110.15652", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省徐闻县南五里镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "502", "end year" : "522", "parent id" : "hvd_30302", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "523", "end year" : "548", "parent id" : "hvd_30290", "name" : "合州", "transcribed" : "He Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "549", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_30291", "name" : "南合州", "transcribed" : "Nanhe Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "546", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42435", "name" : "扇沙县", "transcribed" : "Shansha Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "545", "child id" : "hvd_42447", "name" : "朱庐县", "transcribed" : "Zhulu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "546", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42436", "name" : "椹县", "transcribed" : "Shen Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42425", "name" : "齐康县", "transcribed" : "Qikang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "齐康郡(502-589年)治所和界线

齐中兴二年(502年)置,属越州,梁大通中改属合州,大同末属南合州(1)。郡治齐康县,治所即今广东省徐闻县南五里镇。辖境相当今广东湛江市、廉江县、海康县、徐闻县(2)。隋开皇十年(590年)郡废,县属合州,改名隋康,大业三年(607年)州废,改属合浦郡(3)。

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(1),《南齐书》卷14?州郡志上:“越州,镇临海郡,本合浦北界也。…宋太始中…启立为越州。…七年,始置百梁、陇苏、永宁、安昌、富昌、南流六郡,割广、交朱[土戈鸟]三郡属。元徽二年,以伯绍为刺史,始立州镇。”合浦郡,领县九:“徐闻,合浦,朱卢,新安,晋始,荡昌,朱丰,宋丰,宋广。”又,广州齐康郡领有乐康县。(北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,267-268,265页)。据《隋书》及胡阿祥《六朝疆域与政区》,齐康郡当属越州,其治所乐康县当为齐康县之误,齐康县乃齐改徐闻县得名。今作齐末中兴二年,置齐康郡,改徐闻为齐康作郡治。
《隋书》卷31?地理下合浦郡:“海康,梁大通中,分立合州,大同末以合肥为合州,此置南合州。平陈,以此为合州,置海康县。大业初州废。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,885页)。
(2),据所领县故址及其后政区变迁和《一统志》广东各县沿革,辖境相当今广东湛江市、廉江县、海康县、徐闻县。
(3),《隋书》卷31?地理下合浦郡:“旧置越州,大业初改为禄州,寻改为合州。”“隋康,旧曰齐康,置齐康郡。平陈郡废,县改名焉。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,885页)。", "source uri" : "" }