{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34239", "sys_id" : "hvd_34239", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "高涼郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "高凉郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Gaoliang Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "289", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "413", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "21.86499", "longitude" : "111.88705", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省阳江市西白沙镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "289", "end year" : "413", "parent id" : "hvd_30302", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "289", "end_year" : "413", "child id" : "hvd_42301", "name" : "安宁县", "transcribed" : "Anning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "289", "end_year" : "413", "child id" : "hvd_42309", "name" : "广化县", "transcribed" : "Guanghua Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "289", "end_year" : "413", "child id" : "hvd_42326", "name" : "思平县", "transcribed" : "Siping Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "289", "end_year" : "413", "child id" : "hvd_42289", "name" : "莫阳县", "transcribed" : "Moyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "289", "end_year" : "413", "child id" : "hvd_42300", "name" : "高凉县", "transcribed" : "Gaoliang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34238", "name" : "高凉郡", "transcribed" : "Gaoliang Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "高凉郡(289-413年)治所

晋太康十年(289年),移郡治安宁县,并废高兴郡来属,境域扩大(1)。领高凉、恩平、安宁等县。郡治安宁县,治所即今广东省阳江市西白沙镇。辖境北界为新兴、信宜的南界和阳春县中界,东界以开平、台山县西界为界,西界为信宜、化州、吴川诸县西界(2)。东晋义熙十年(414年)移郡治思平县(3)。

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(1),《宋书》卷38?州郡志四?广州刺史?高凉太守:“二汉有高凉县,属合浦,汉献帝建安二十三年(据《校勘记》,当为二十五年之误),吴分立,治思平县,不知何时徙。吴又立高熙郡,太康中省并高凉,宋世又经立,寻省。《永初郡国》高凉又有石门、广化、长度、宋康四县。何、徐并无宋康,当是宋初所立,元嘉二十年以前省,其余当是江左所立。”领县七:“思平令,《晋太康地志》有;莫阳令,《晋太康地志》有,属高兴;平定令,何志有,不注置立;安宁令,吴立;罗州令,何志新立;西巩令,何志新立;禽乡令,何志新立。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1197页)。
按:《宋书》“吴又立高熙郡,太康中省并高凉,宋世又经立,寻省。”据《晋书》,此高熙郡实为高兴郡之误。故作武帝太康十年废高兴郡入高凉郡。《晋书》卷15?地理下:广州:“汉武帝,以其地为交址郡。吴黄武五年,分交州之南海、苍梧、郁林、高粱四郡立为广州,俄复旧,永安六年,复分交州置广州。”高凉郡:“吴置。统县三:安宁,高凉,思平。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,467页)。据《宋书》作晋太康中省高兴郡入高凉郡时,高凉郡移治安宁县,高凉县属之。
(2),据所领县故址及其后政区变迁和《一统志》广东各县沿革,辖境北界为新兴、信宜的南界和阳春县中界,东界以开平、台山县西界为界,西界为信宜、化州、吴川诸县西界。
(3),《宋书》卷38?州郡志四?广州刺史?高凉太守:“二汉有高凉县,属合浦,汉献帝建安二十三年(据《校勘记》,当为二十五年之误),吴分立,治思平县,不知何时徙。吴又立高熙郡,太康中省并高凉,宋世又经立,寻省。《永初郡国》高凉又有石门、广化、长度、宋康四县。何、徐并无宋康,当是宋初所立,元嘉二十年以前省,其余当是江左所立。”领县七:“思平令,《晋太康地志》有;莫阳令,《晋太康地志》有,属高兴;平定令,何志有,不注置立;安宁令,吴立;罗州令,何志新立;西巩令,何志新立;禽乡令,何志新立。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1197页)。
按:《永初郡国》高凉郡所领诸县中,已无高凉县,则高凉县当废于东晋末期,今作东晋义熙十年省高凉县入安宁时,高凉郡治自安宁迁治思平县,安宁县属之。", "source uri" : "" }