{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34230", "sys_id" : "hvd_34230", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "宋熙郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "宋熙郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Songxi Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "455", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "590", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.81990", "longitude" : "112.55898", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省高明县西古城村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "455", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_30302", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "590", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "420", "end_year" : "501", "child id" : "hvd_44608", "name" : "兴乐县", "transcribed" : "Xingle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "553", "child id" : "hvd_44608", "name" : "兴乐县", "transcribed" : "Xingle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "455", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42315", "name" : "初宁县", "transcribed" : "Chuning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "455", "end_year" : "501", "child id" : "hvd_42321", "name" : "南安县", "transcribed" : "Nan'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "554", "end_year" : "582", "child id" : "hvd_44609", "name" : "嘉川县", "transcribed" : "Jiachuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "420", "end_year" : "501", "child id" : "hvd_44583", "name" : "宋安县", "transcribed" : "Song'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "553", "child id" : "hvd_44583", "name" : "宋安县", "transcribed" : "Song'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "554", "end_year" : "582", "child id" : "hvd_44584", "name" : "岐坪县", "transcribed" : "Qiping Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "455", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42318", "name" : "崇化县", "transcribed" : "Chonghua Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "455", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42320", "name" : "崇德县", "transcribed" : "Chongde Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "455", "end_year" : "590", "child id" : "hvd_42314", "name" : "平兴县", "transcribed" : "Pingxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "455", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42316", "name" : "建宁县", "transcribed" : "Jianning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "455", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42317", "name" : "招兴县", "transcribed" : "Zhaoxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "455", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42319", "name" : "熙穆县", "transcribed" : "Ximu Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34229", "name" : "宋隆郡", "transcribed" : "Songlong Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "宋熙郡(455-591年)治所

宋孝建二年(455年),以宋隆郡更名(1)。领平兴,初宁,建宁,招兴,崇华,熙穆,崇德等县。郡治平兴县,治所即今广东省高明县西古城村。辖境相当今广东省高明县境域(2)。梁天监元年(502年),析置梁泰郡,境域缩小。隋开皇十一年(591年),郡废,县改属端州(3)。

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(1),《晋书》卷15?地理下:广州:“穆帝分苍梧立晋康、新宁、永平三郡。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,2册,468页)。
《宋书》卷38?州郡志四?广州刺史?新宁太守:“晋穆帝永和七年分苍梧立。《永初郡国》有平兴、永城县,何、徐志有永城,无平兴。此二县当是晋末立。平兴当是元嘉二十年以前省,永城当是大明八年以后省。”宋熙太守:“文帝元嘉十八年,以交州流寓立昌国、义怀、绥宁、新建四县为宋熙郡,今无此四县。二十七年更名宋隆。孝武孝建中,复改为宋熙。”领县七:“平兴令,徐志新立。初宁令,徐志新立。建宁令,徐志新立。招兴令,徐志新立。崇化令,徐志新立。熙穆令,徐志新立。崇德令,徐志新立。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1193、1201-1202页)。
《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?端州?平兴县:“西北至州八十里。本汉高要县地,晋末分置平兴县,属新宁郡。隋开皇十二年罢郡,属端州。”(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,896页)。
《太平寰宇记》卷159?端州?高要县:“废平兴县,再县东南八十里。本汉高要县地。宋元嘉十二年置平兴县。唐武德七年分置清泰县,贞观十三年省清泰入。皇朝开宝五年入高要。”(金陵书局,光绪八年刊本,28册。)
据以上资料,作晋穆帝永和七年分苍梧立新宁郡时,设平兴县属之。宋元嘉元年省。元嘉十二年复置平兴县,仍属新宁郡;十八年置宋熙郡,割平兴县为宋熙郡郡治。
(2),据所领县故址及其后政区变迁和《一统志》广东各县沿革,辖境相当今广东省高明县境域。
(3),《隋书》卷31?地理下?信安郡:“平陈置端州。”“平兴,旧置宋隆郡,领初宁、建宁、熙穆、崇德、召兴、崇化、南安等县。平陈郡废,并所领县入焉。又梁置梁泰郡及县,平陈郡废,县改曰清泰,大业初废入焉。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,882页)。", "source uri" : "" }