{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34226", "sys_id" : "hvd_34226", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "新寧郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "新宁郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Xinning Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "479", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "537", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "22.88416", "longitude" : "112.30267", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省高要县西南沙尾村", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "479", "end year" : "522", "parent id" : "hvd_30302", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "523", "end year" : "537", "parent id" : "hvd_30292", "name" : "新州", "transcribed" : "Xin Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "537", "child id" : "hvd_42278", "name" : "临沇县", "transcribed" : "Lin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "501", "child id" : "hvd_42280", "name" : "单牒县", "transcribed" : "Dandie Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "537", "child id" : "hvd_42279", "name" : "南兴县", "transcribed" : "Nanxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "537", "child id" : "hvd_42267", "name" : "博林县", "transcribed" : "Bolin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "537", "child id" : "hvd_42268", "name" : "抚纳县", "transcribed" : "Funa Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "502", "end_year" : "537", "child id" : "hvd_42284", "name" : "新兴县", "transcribed" : "Xinxing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "501", "child id" : "hvd_42283", "name" : "新成县", "transcribed" : "Xincheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "537", "child id" : "hvd_42298", "name" : "甘泉县", "transcribed" : "Ganquan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "537", "child id" : "hvd_42292", "name" : "龙潭县", "transcribed" : "Longtan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34225", "name" : "新宁郡", "transcribed" : "Xinning Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "新宁郡(479-537年)治所

齐建元元年(479年),迁郡治博林(1)。领南兴、临允、新兴、博林、甘东、单牒、威平、永城等县。郡治博林县,治所即今广东省高要县西南沙尾村。据所领县故址及其后政区变迁和《一统志》广东各县沿革,辖境相当今广东新兴县、开平县和高要县西南部地区、云浮县东部、鹤山县西部、阳春县北部地区(2)。梁大同四年(538年),移治新兴县,博林县改属高要郡,境域缩小(3)。

————————————————————
(1),《南齐书》卷14?州郡志上?广州新宁郡。领县十四,首县“博林”。(北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,263页)。
(2),据所领县故址及其后政区变迁和《一统志》广东各县沿革,辖境相当今广东新兴县、开平县和高要县西南部地区、云浮县东部、鹤山县西部、阳春县北部地区。
(3),《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道1?端州,高要:“本秦南海郡地,汉武帝置苍梧郡,则为苍梧郡之高要县也,梁大同中,于此立高要郡。隋开皇十一年置端州,大业三年罢为信安郡,武德四年平萧铣,五年重置端州。”(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,896页)。‘梁大同中,于此立高要郡’。《陈书》卷1?高祖上:‘大同初’,高祖陈霸先随新喻侯萧暎镇广州,寻监西江督护、高要郡守。(北京,中华书局,1972年,1册,2页)。《资治通鉴》卷158?梁武帝大同八年十二月,“周文育等帅子雄之众攻广州,欲杀映、谘,为子雄复仇。西江督护、高要太守吴兴陈霸先帅精甲三千救之。”(北京,中华书局,1956年,11册,4913页)。据此,高要郡之设,在梁大同八年以前的大同初即已存在。今作梁大同四年置高要郡,其时,移新宁郡治新兴县,博林县即改属高要郡。《旧唐书》、《寰宇记》作陈置高要郡,与《陈书》、《通鉴》不合,不从。", "source uri" : "" }