{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34214", "sys_id" : "hvd_34214", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "晉康郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "晋康郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Jinkang Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "351", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "419", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.09887", "longitude" : "112.12206", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省德庆县东播植镇", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "351", "end year" : "419", "parent id" : "hvd_30302", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "351", "end_year" : "419", "child id" : "hvd_42354", "name" : "元溪县", "transcribed" : "Yuanxi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "419", "end_year" : "419", "child id" : "hvd_42637", "name" : "夫阮县", "transcribed" : "Furuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "351", "end_year" : "419", "child id" : "hvd_42352", "name" : "端溪县", "transcribed" : "Duanxi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "351", "end_year" : "419", "child id" : "hvd_42362", "name" : "都城县", "transcribed" : "Ducheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "351", "end_year" : "419", "child id" : "hvd_42266", "name" : "高要县", "transcribed" : "Gaoyao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "419", "end_year" : "419", "child id" : "hvd_42628", "name" : "龙乡县", "transcribed" : "Longxiang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "晋康郡(351-419年)治所

东晋永和七年(351年),析苍梧郡置(1)。领元溪、端溪、晋化、都城、思安、封兴、荡康、侨宁、高要等县。郡治元溪县,治所即今广东省德庆县东播植镇。辖境相当今广东省封开县(南部)、德庆县、高要县、云浮县、郁南县、罗定县、信宜县境域(2)。元熙二年(420年),迁郡治龙乡县(3)。

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(1),《宋书》卷38:“晋康太守,晋穆帝永和七年分苍梧立,治元溪。《永初郡国》治龙乡。何志无复龙乡县,当是晋末立,元嘉二十年前,以龙乡并端溪也。《永初郡国》又有封兴、荡康、思安、辽安、开平县。何志无辽安、开平二县,余与《永初郡国》同。封兴、荡康、思安、辽安、开平,应是晋末立,元嘉二十年前省。今领县十四:端溪、晋化、都城、乐城、宾江、说城、元溪、夫阮、侨宁、安遂、永始、武定、文招、熙宁。”(北京,中华书局,1974年,4册,1191页)。今作晋永和七年置晋康郡时,治元溪县;晋元熙二年晋康郡移治龙乡;宋元嘉十年龙乡县废入端溪县,晋康郡移治端溪。高要县,《晋书》属苍梧郡,其在晋康郡所领诸县之东,故作永和七年析苍梧郡置晋康郡时,析高要县属晋康郡。
(2),据所领县故址及其后政区变迁和《一统志》广东各县沿革,辖境相当今广东省封开县(南部)、德庆县、高要县、云浮县、郁南县、罗定县、信宜县境域。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }