{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34192", "sys_id" : "hvd_34192", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "廣州", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "广州", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Guang Zhou", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "州", "alternate name" : "州", "transcription" : "zhou", "English" : "prefecture" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "590", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "591", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.13462", "longitude" : "113.25607", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省广州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "590", "end year" : "591", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42276", "name" : "义立县", "transcribed" : "Yili Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42274", "name" : "乐山县", "transcribed" : "Leshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42334", "name" : "化蒙县", "transcribed" : "Huameng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42194", "name" : "南海县", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42269", "name" : "四会县", "transcribed" : "Sihui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42212", "name" : "增城县", "transcribed" : "Zengcheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "591", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42597", "name" : "大庾县", "transcribed" : "Dayu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "591", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42594", "name" : "始兴县", "transcribed" : "Shixing Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42272", "name" : "始昌县", "transcribed" : "Shichang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42275", "name" : "安乐县", "transcribed" : "Anle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42273", "name" : "宋元县", "transcribed" : "Songyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42203", "name" : "宝安县", "transcribed" : "Bao'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42237", "name" : "政宾县", "transcribed" : "Zhengbin Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "591", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42238", "name" : "曲江县", "transcribed" : "Qujiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "591", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42242", "name" : "梁化县", "transcribed" : "Lianghua Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "590", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42232", "name" : "清远县", "transcribed" : "Qingyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "591", "end_year" : "591", "child id" : "hvd_42250", "name" : "翁源县", "transcribed" : "Wengyuan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34191", "name" : "南海郡", "transcribed" : "Nanhai Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "广州(590-591年)治所

隋开皇十年(590年),以南海郡改置,并废安远、清远、东官、绥建、乐昌、齐康、阳山等郡来属,境域扩大(1)。领南海、曲江、始兴、翁源、增城、宝安、乐昌、四会、化蒙、清远、含洭、政宾、怀集、新会、义宁等县。州治南海县,治所即今广东省广州市。辖境相当今广东省广州市、番禺县、南海县、增城县、从化县、斗门县、台山县、新会县、鹤山县、佛冈县、广宁县、四会县、英德县、开平县、清源市、中山市、东莞市、深圳市、香港、澳门,和三水县(金本、白坭地区除外)、龙门县(路溪、平陵地区除外)、宝安县(横岗、山坪以北地区除外)、新丰县回龙、沙田、遥田地区境域以及广西怀集县东南部地区;韶关市、曲江县、乳源县、乐昌县、翁源县、仁化县和南雄县、始兴县境域以及新丰县青山寨、桐子岭以北地区和连平县坡头、贵东地区(2)。开皇十一年(591年),废韶州来属,境域扩大。开皇十二年(592年),移州治于曲江(3)。

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(1),《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?韶州:“秦南海郡地,汉分置桂阳郡,今州即桂阳郡之曲江县也。后汉置始兴都尉,今州即都尉所部。吴甘露元年初,立为始兴郡。梁承圣中,萧勃据岭南,于此置东衡州,隋开皇九年平陈,改东衡州为韶州,取州北韶石为名。十一年废入广州,十二年自今南海县移广州理曲江之废韶州城,即今州理是也。仁寿元年,改广州为番州,大业二年又自今始兴故镇移番州理南海县,今广州理是也。三年,以番州为南海郡。隋末陷贼,武德四年平萧铣,重于此置番州。贞观元年改为韶州,复旧名也。…管县六:曲江、始兴、乐昌、翁源、浈昌、仁化。”曲江县:“本汉旧县也,属桂阳郡。江流回曲,因以为名。吴置始兴郡,县属焉。隋置韶州,县属不改。皇朝因之。”(北京,中华书局,下册,901页)。
(2),据所领县故址及《一统志》广东省各县沿革,辖境相当今广东省广州市、番禺县、南海县、增城县、从化县、斗门县、台山县、新会县、鹤山县、佛冈县、广宁县、四会县、英德县、开平县、清源市、中山市、东莞市、深圳市、香港、澳门,和三水县(金本、白坭地区除外)、龙门县(路溪、平陵地区除外)、宝安县(横岗、山坪以北地区除外)、新丰县回龙、沙田、遥田地区境域以及广西怀集县东南部地区;韶关市、曲江县、乳源县、乐昌县、翁源县、仁化县和南雄县、始兴县境域以及新丰县青山寨、桐子岭以北地区和连平县坡头、贵东地区。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }