{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34191", "sys_id" : "hvd_34191", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "南海郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "南海郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Nanhai Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "-214", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "589", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.13462", "longitude" : "113.25607", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省广州市", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "-214", "end year" : "-205", "parent id" : "hvd_113649", "name" : "秦", "transcribed" : "Qin" }, { "begin year" : "-206", "end year" : "8", "parent id" : "hvd_113652", "name" : "西汉", "transcribed" : "Xihan" }, { "begin year" : "9", "end year" : "24", "parent id" : "hvd_113653", "name" : "新莽", "transcribed" : "Xinmang" }, { "begin year" : "25", "end year" : "187", "parent id" : "hvd_113654", "name" : "东汉", "transcribed" : "Donghan" }, { "begin year" : "188", "end year" : "202", "parent id" : "hvd_30277", "name" : "交趾", "transcribed" : "Jiaozhi" }, { "begin year" : "203", "end year" : "209", "parent id" : "hvd_30278", "name" : "交州", "transcribed" : "Jiao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "210", "end year" : "263", "parent id" : "hvd_30279", "name" : "交州", "transcribed" : "Jiao Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "264", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_30302", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "-111", "end_year" : "219", "child id" : "hvd_42230", "name" : "中宿县", "transcribed" : "Zhongsu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "264", "end_year" : "264", "child id" : "hvd_42231", "name" : "中宿县", "transcribed" : "Zhongsu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-214", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42171", "name" : "博罗县", "transcribed" : "Boluo Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-111", "end_year" : "-111", "child id" : "hvd_42264", "name" : "含洭县", "transcribed" : "Han Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-206", "end_year" : "435", "child id" : "hvd_42269", "name" : "四会县", "transcribed" : "Sihui Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "136", "end_year" : "510", "child id" : "hvd_42212", "name" : "增城县", "transcribed" : "Zengcheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "433", "end_year" : "435", "child id" : "hvd_42273", "name" : "宋元县", "transcribed" : "Songyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "264", "end_year" : "279", "child id" : "hvd_42219", "name" : "平夷县", "transcribed" : "Pingyi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "413", "end_year" : "501", "child id" : "hvd_42200", "name" : "怀化县", "transcribed" : "Huaihua Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-111", "end_year" : "264", "child id" : "hvd_42147", "name" : "揭阳县", "transcribed" : "Jieyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42174", "name" : "新丰县", "transcribed" : "Xinfeng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "280", "end_year" : "419", "child id" : "hvd_42220", "name" : "新夷县", "transcribed" : "Xinyi Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-111", "end_year" : "-111", "child id" : "hvd_42238", "name" : "曲江县", "transcribed" : "Qujiang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "331", "end_year" : "477", "child id" : "hvd_42169", "name" : "欣乐县", "transcribed" : "Xinle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42190", "name" : "河源县", "transcribed" : "Heyuan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-111", "end_year" : "-111", "child id" : "hvd_42256", "name" : "浈阳县", "transcribed" : "Zhenyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "424", "end_year" : "501", "child id" : "hvd_42201", "name" : "熙安县", "transcribed" : "Xi'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-214", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42193", "name" : "番禺县", "transcribed" : "Fanyu Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "424", "end_year" : "501", "child id" : "hvd_42215", "name" : "绥宁县", "transcribed" : "Suining Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "479", "end_year" : "555", "child id" : "hvd_42172", "name" : "罗阳县", "transcribed" : "Luoyang Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-111", "end_year" : "-111", "child id" : "hvd_42601", "name" : "阳山县", "transcribed" : "Yangshan Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "421", "end_year" : "537", "child id" : "hvd_42266", "name" : "高要县", "transcribed" : "Gaoyao Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "-214", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42184", "name" : "龙川县", "transcribed" : "Longchuan Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "南海郡(前214年-589年)治所

秦始皇三十三年(前214年)置(1)。领番禺、博罗、龙川等县。郡治番禺县,治所即今广东省广州市。辖境北界西段自连山县黑石顶沿粤桂界山南下至横水顶,东折经石锺顶、禽鸦顶、牛冈顶、野鸡顶至鸿图顶,自此折向东北,在阳山县西北四十里处穿过连江,又东北沿瑶山山脊至乐昌峡过武水,再转东沿粤北界山终于浈水源头大庾岭;北界东段及东界即今广东省界和福建省诏安、云霄二县境域;西界在今清远、三水、南海、台山诸县市西界(2)。汉高帝元年(前206年),赵佗并桂林、象郡,为南越王国,割桂林四会县来属,境域扩大,其后境域屡有变化,但治所未变。隋开皇十年(590年),改为广州,废东官郡来属,境域扩大(3)。

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(1),《史记》卷6?秦始皇本纪:三十三年,“略取陆梁地,为桂林、象郡、南海,以适遣戍。”卷113?南越列传:“秦并天下,略定扬粤,置桂林、南海、象郡以适徙民与粤杂处。”卷113?南越列传:“秦并天下,略定扬粤,置桂林、南海、象郡以适徙民与粤杂处。”(北京,中华书局,1959年,1、9册,253、2967-2968页)。《汉书》卷28下?地理志8:“南海郡,秦置。秦败,尉佗王此地。武帝元鼎六年开。”县六:首县“番禺,尉佗都。”(北京,中华书局,1962年,6册,1628页。)据此,作秦始皇三十三年置南海郡时置番禺县为郡治。
(2),据所领县故址及《一统志》广东省各县沿革以及张修桂《西汉初期长沙国南界探讨》(《中国历史地理论从》第三辑,1988年,343页),辖境北界西段自连山县黑石顶沿粤桂界山南下至横水顶,再东折经石锺顶、禽鸦顶、牛冈顶、野鸡顶至鸿图顶,自此折向东北,在阳山县西北四十里处穿过连江,又东北沿瑶山山脊至乐昌峡过武水,再转东沿粤北界山终于浈水源头大庾岭。北界东段及大界即今广东省界和福建省诏安、云霄二县境域。西界在今清远、三水、南海、台山诸县市西界。
(3),《隋书》卷31?地理下:“南海郡,旧置广州。梁陈并置都督府。平陈,置总管府。仁寿元年置番州,大业初府废。统县十五:南海,旧置南海郡。平陈,郡废;又分置番禺县,寻废入焉。大业初置郡。曲江,旧置始兴郡,平陈废,十六年又废浈阳县入焉。始兴,齐曰正阶,梁改名焉,又置安远郡,置东衡州,平陈改郡置大庾县,又于此置广州总管,开皇末移向南海,又十六年废大庾入焉。翁源,梁置,陈又置清远郡,平陈郡废。增城,旧置东官郡,平陈废。宝安。乐昌,梁置曰梁化,又分置石平县,开皇十二年省石平入,十八年改名焉。四会,旧置绥建郡,又有乐昌郡,平陈二郡并废,大业初又并始昌县入焉。化蒙,大业初废威城县入焉。清远,旧置清远郡,又分置威正、廉平、恩洽、浮护等四县,平陈并废,以置清源县,又齐置齐康郡,至是以废入焉。含洭,梁置衡州、阳山郡,平陈州改曰洭州,废郡,二十年州废。政宾,旧置东官郡,平陈郡废。怀集。新会,旧置新会郡,平陈郡废,又并盆允、永昌、新建、熙潭、化召、怀集六县入,为封州,十一年改为允州,后又改为冈州,大业初州废,并废封乐县入。义宁,开皇十年废新夷、初宾二县入,又有始康县,废入封平,大业初又废封平入焉。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,880-881页)。
《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?广州:“隋开皇九年平陈,于广州置总管府,仁寿元年改广州为番州,大业三年罢番州为南海郡。隋末陷贼,武德四年讨平萧铣,复为广州。”管县十三,首县即为南海。(北京,中华书局,1983年,下册,885-886页)。
《嘉庆一统志》卷442?广州府一?建置沿革?增城县:“后汉分置增城县,属南海郡。梁移东官郡来治。隋初郡废。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,164册)。", "source uri" : "" }