{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34190", "sys_id" : "hvd_34190", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "梁化郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "梁化郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Lianghua Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "511", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "589", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.11371", "longitude" : "114.67352", "source" : "FROM_AC", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省惠东县西北梁化屯", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "511", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_30302", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "511", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42578", "name" : "兴宁县", "transcribed" : "Xingning Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "511", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42163", "name" : "怀安县", "transcribed" : "Huai'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "542", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_43751", "name" : "梁化县", "transcribed" : "Lianghua Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "511", "end_year" : "587", "child id" : "hvd_42169", "name" : "欣乐县", "transcribed" : "Xinle Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "511", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42180", "name" : "海丰县", "transcribed" : "Haifeng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "511", "end_year" : "556", "child id" : "hvd_42170", "name" : "酉平县", "transcribed" : "Youping Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "511", "end_year" : "555", "child id" : "hvd_42181", "name" : "陆安县", "transcribed" : "Lu'an Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "511", "end_year" : "556", "child id" : "hvd_42583", "name" : "齐昌县", "transcribed" : "Qichang Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "梁化郡(511-589年)治所和界线

梁天监十年(511年),析东官郡置。领怀安,海安、欣乐、海丰、齐昌、陆丰、兴宁等县。郡治怀安县,治所即今广东省惠东县西北梁化屯。辖境相当今广东省惠州,惠阳,惠东,海丰,陆丰,陆河,五华,兴宁,紫金等县市。隋开皇十年(590年),析南海军东北境、废义安郡来属,并改郡为循州。

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(1),《嘉庆一统志》卷445?惠州府?古迹?怀安废县:“在归善县东南。刘宋置安怀县,属东官郡。齐曰怀安,为东官郡治。隋省。…《元和志》有梁化故郡,在归善县东南八十里。按《舆地纪胜》,怀安岭在县东一百余里,与《元和志》所云梁化郡相近。盖梁时移东官郡于增城,故改怀安置梁化郡。隋平陈,郡县皆省入归善也。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,166册)。光绪《惠州府志》卷28?古迹:“梁化郡故址,在(归善)县东南八十里。梁天监中置,隋开皇十年废,今为梁化屯。”(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第3号,567页)。梁化屯今在广东省惠东县西北。‘梁天监中置’,作天监十年置梁化郡。
(2),据所领县故址及《一统志》广东省各县沿革,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今广东省惠州,惠阳,惠东,海丰,陆丰,陆河,五华,兴宁,紫金等县市。
(3),《隋书》卷31?地理下?龙川郡:“平陈,置循州总管府。大业初府废。统县五。归善,带郡。有归化山、怀安山。河源,开皇十一年省龙川县入,又有新丰县,十八年改曰休吉,大业初省入焉。有龙山、亢山,有修江。博罗。兴宁。海丰,有黑龙山,有涨海。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,881页)。
《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?循州:“隋开皇十年于此置循州,取循江为名也。大业三年改为龙川郡,武德五年复改为循州”。归善县:“郭下。本汉博罗县地也,宋于此置归善县,属鄣郡。梁属梁化郡,隋开皇十年废梁化郡,以县属循州。”校勘记37:“此与《旧唐书》、《寰宇记》并云宋置。然《宋志》及《齐志》俱无此县。《舆地纪胜》惠州归善县引《祥符图经》云:‘本晋欣乐县地,陈祯明三年改为归善。’陈祯明三年,当隋开皇九年,是年平陈置循州,并置此县,则宋置,与此异。”(北京,中华书局,下册,892、908页)。今据此作隋开皇十年置循州时,设归善县为州治。
《元和郡县图志》卷34?岭南道?潮州:“隋开皇十年罢郡省海阳县,仍于郡廨置义安县,以属循州。”(北京,中华书局,下册,894-895页)。", "source uri" : "" }