{ "system" : "China Historical GIS, Harvard University and Fudan University", "license" : "CC BY-NC 4.0", "uri" : "https://maps.cga.harvard.edu/tgaz/placename/hvd_34188", "sys_id" : "hvd_34188", "sys_id of alternate" : "", "spellings" : [ { "written form" : "東官郡", "script" : "traditional Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "东官郡", "script" : "simplified Chinese", "exonym language" : "", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" }, { "written form" : "Dongguan Jun", "transcribed in" : "Pinyin", "attested by" : "", "note" : "" } ], "feature_type" : { "name" : "郡", "alternate name" : "郡", "transcription" : "jun", "English" : "commandery" }, "temporal" : { "begin" : "511", "begin rule" : "4", "end" : "589", "end rule" : "4" }, "spatial" : { "object_type" : "POINT", "xy_type" : "point", "latitude" : "23.41184", "longitude" : "113.86380", "source" : "FROM_FD", "present_location" : [ { "country code" : "cn", "text" : "广东省增城县正果镇金牛", "source" : "Fudan", "attestation" : "" } ] }, "historical_context" : { "part of" : [ { "begin year" : "511", "end year" : "588", "parent id" : "hvd_30302", "name" : "广州", "transcribed" : "Guang Zhou" }, { "begin year" : "589", "end year" : "589", "parent id" : "hvd_113617", "name" : "隋", "transcribed" : "Sui" } ], "subordinate units" : [ { "begin_year" : "511", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42212", "name" : "增城县", "transcribed" : "Zengcheng Xian" }, { "begin_year" : "511", "end_year" : "589", "child id" : "hvd_42203", "name" : "宝安县", "transcribed" : "Bao'an Xian" } ], "preceded by" : [ { "preceded by id" : "hvd_34187", "name" : "东官郡", "transcribed" : "Dongguan Jun" } ] }, "data source" : "CHGIS", "source note" : "东官郡(511-589年)治所和界线

梁天监十年(511年),迁郡治增城县,并析置梁化郡,境域缩小。领增城,宝安二县。郡治增城县,治所即今广东省增城县正果镇金牛。辖境相当今广东省增城,东莞,宝安,深圳和香港等地。隋开皇十年(590年),废入广州。

————————————————————
(1),《隋书》?地理下?南海郡:“增城,旧置东官郡,平陈废。”(北京,中华书局,1973年,3册,880-881页)。《嘉庆一统志》卷442?广州府一?建置沿革?增城县:“后汉分置增城县,属南海郡。梁移东官郡来治。隋初郡废。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,164册)。
《嘉庆一统志》卷445?惠州府?古迹?怀安废县:“在归善县东南。刘宋置安怀县,属东官郡。齐曰怀安,为东官郡治。隋省。…《元和志》有梁化故郡,在归善县东南八十里。按《舆地纪胜》,怀安岭在县东一百余里,与《元和志》所云梁化郡相近。盖梁时移东官郡于增城,故改怀安置梁化郡。隋平陈,郡县皆省入归善也。”(《四部丛刊续编》,商务印书馆,1934年,166册)。光绪《惠州府志》卷28?古迹:“梁化郡故址,在(归善)县东南八十里。梁天监中置,隋开皇十年废,今为梁化屯。”(台湾,成文出版社《中国方志丛书》第3号,567页)。梁化屯今在广东省惠东县西北。
‘梁天监中置’,作天监十年置梁化郡。
(2),据所领县故址及《一统志》广东省各县沿革,并参考宣统元年《广东舆地全图》,辖境相当今广东省增城,东莞,宝安,深圳和香港等地。
(3),见注(1)。", "source uri" : "" }